Lake Studies

  • Project Team
    • Dale M. Robertson, Research Hydrologist (Team Leader, Limnology)
    • Paul F. Juckem, Groundwater Scientist
    • Ben Siebers, Hydrologic Technician
    • Eric Dantoin, Hydrologic Technician
    • S. Bridgett Manteufel, Hydrologist
    • Daniel L. Olson, Hydrologic Technician
    • William J. Rose, Emeritus Scientist
    • Herbert S. Garn, Emeritus Scientist
    • Gerald Goddard, Emeritus Scientist


USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.

There is a USGS Water Science Center office in each State. Washington Oregon California Idaho Nevada Montana Wyoming Utah Colorado Arizona New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Mississippi Michigan Indiana Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Alabama Pennsylvania West Virginia Georgia Florida Caribbean Alaska Hawaii New York Vermont New Hampshire Maine Massachusetts South Carolina North Carolina Rhode Island Virginia Connecticut New Jersey Maryland-Delaware-D.C.

Lake Studies

Lake Studies team leader discusses work with Whitefish Lake residents

Lake Studies team member Bill Rose (right) discusses ongoing work with Whitefish Lake, Wisconsin, area residents. The USGS will provide data to inform lake area management plans.

The Lake Studies Team in the USGS Wisconsin Water Science Center has expertise in hydrologic data-collection in lake settings, water and nutrient budget development, source-loading analysis, and lake water-quality modeling. The Lakes Team is involved in projects of local, regional, and national interest, with a large number of cooperators.

The Team provides the scientifically based information needed to:

  • describe current and historical characteristics and trophic condition of lakes,
  • identify and understand lake water-quality problems,
  • provide an understanding of in-lake processes and watershed inputs, and
  • determine the effective management actions to protect or restore lakes.


Fact Sheet 063-03

Wisconsin lakes are a natural treasure! Read the USGS Fact Sheet "Why Study Lakes?" FS 063-03.

Why study lakes?

Limnology (the study of lakes and other freshwater systems) is the science that can provide improved understanding of lake ecosystem dynamics and information that can lead to sound management policies. As more studies are conducted on a variety of lake systems, the accumulated information leads to the development of general concepts about how lakes function and respond to environmental changes.

The condition of a lake at a given time is the result of the interaction of many factors—its watershed, climate, geology, human influence, and characteristics of the lake itself. With constantly expanding databases and increased knowledge, limnologists and hydrologists are able to better understand problems that develop in particular lakes, and further develop comprehensive models that can be used to predict how lakes might change in the future.

While the development of a limnological database and knowledge is important, no amount of generalization can provide a full understanding or predict conditions of any particular lake. Each lake system is unique, and its dynamics can be understood only to a limited degree based on information from other lakes. Just as a physician would not diagnose an individual’s medical condition or prescribe treatment without a personal medical examination, a limnologist or hydrologist cannot accurately assess a lake system or suggest a management strategy without data and analysis from that particular lake and its environment.

Lake Data

Open File Report 2012-1238 cover image


Specific areas of expertise in lake studies


The Lake Studies team monitors lakes to define their current water quality and trophic status. Lake stage and tributary inflows are monitored to assist in developing water and nutrient budgets. Inflowing streams are monitored by traditional techniques or with acoustic Doppler velocity meters in backwater situations commonly encountered at the mouths of tributaries to lakes. Water-quality sampling in streams is often conducted with automated water samplers. Water-quality problems identified in monitoring projects may provide the basis for proceeding with lake-rehabilitation efforts or a diagnostic study.

Ground-water interactions

More than 50 Wisconsin lakes have been studied by the USGS. See the complete list of all Wisconsin lakes the USGS has studied at:


Ground water can be an important component of lake budgets and must be quantified in order to compile water and nutrient budgets. The Lake Studies team employs ground-water monitoring and modeling where needed to better understand the hydrologic system and a lake’s interaction with ground water.

Water and Nutrient Budgets

Accurate water and nutrient budgets are needed to identify nutrient sources or causes of water-quality problems in lakes and are necessary for modeling the response in lake water quality to potential changes in nutrient loading. The team is experienced in computing detailed water and nutrient budgets, which account for all major and most minor components of the budgets. Better knowledge of nutrient sources allows planners to focus remediation efforts on those sources where loading reduction will most benefit lake water quality.


Many lakes experience multiple water-quality problems and are in need of rehabilitation measures, or the evaluation of measures already implemented. Lake models are useful in understanding specific processes and estimating how a lake will respond to management actions without the costs of implementing the actions. The Lake Studies Team is experienced in employing eutrophication models such as those contained in the Wisconsin Lake Modeling Suite (WiLMS) and BATHTUB to assess changes in water quality in response to changes in nutrient loading. The Lake Studies Team is also experienced in applying process-driven watershed, hydrodynamic, and water-quality models to provide a better understanding of the physical and water-quality dynamics, oxygen distribution, productivity in lakes, and mixing associated with lake aeration.

Learn more about lake modeling >


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Page Last Modified: Wednesday, 20-Aug-2014 16:35:59 EDT

05403500: Flow=1170cfs,Stage=7.97ft,2016-08-23 18:15,High,LEMONWEIR RIVER AT NEW LISBON, WI 05379500: Flow=1830cfs,Stage=9.39ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:00,High,TREMPEALEAU RIVER AT DODGE, WI 05378500: Flow=67100cfs,Stage=8.75ft,Floodstage=13ft,2016-08-23 18:45,High,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT WINONA, MN 04066003: Flow=2870cfs,Stage=8.36ft,Floodstage=15ft,2016-08-23 18:15,High,MENOMINEE RIVER BELOW PEMENE CREEK NEAR PEMBINE,WI 05425912: Flow=3.5cfs,Stage=838.85ft,Floodstage=843.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Low,BEAVERDAM RIVER AT BEAVER DAM, WI 04087233: Flow=0.71cfs,Stage=3.07ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Low,ROOT RIVER CANAL NEAR FRANKLIN, WI 05436500: Flow=534cfs,Stage=1.81ft,Floodstage=5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,SUGAR RIVER NEAR BRODHEAD, WI 05433000: Flow=192cfs,Stage=5.05ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,EAST BRANCH PECATONICA RIVER NR BLANCHARDVILLE, WI 05432500: Flow=340cfs,Stage=4.12ft,Floodstage=13.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,PECATONICA RIVER AT DARLINGTON, WI 05430150: Flow=125cfs,Stage=5.35ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,BADFISH CREEK NEAR COOKSVILLE, WI 05429500: Flow=249cfs,Stage=5.59ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,YAHARA RIVER AT MC FARLAND, WI 05414000: Flow=152cfs,Stage=3.94ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,PLATTE RIVER NEAR ROCKVILLE, WI 05413500: Flow=256cfs,Stage=6.17ft,Floodstage=18ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,GRANT RIVER AT BURTON, WI 05407000: Flow=10100cfs,Stage=2.75ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:45,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER AT MUSCODA, WI 05405000: Flow=1250cfs,Stage=11.67ft,Floodstage=16ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,BARABOO RIVER NEAR BARABOO, WI 05402000: Flow=137cfs,Stage=3.09ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,YELLOW RIVER AT BABCOCK, WI 05399500: Flow=111cfs,Stage=3.53ft,Floodstage=15.5ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,BIG EAU PLEINE RIVER AT STRATFORD, WI 05398000: Flow=5150cfs,Stage=16.00ft,Floodstage=25ft,2016-08-23 18:45,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER AT ROTHSCHILD, WI 05396000: Flow=457cfs,Stage=3.64ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,BIG RIB RIVER AT RIB FALLS, WI 05395000: Flow=4460cfs,Stage=6.45ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER AT MERRILL, WI 05393500: Flow=269cfs,Stage=3.20ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,SPIRIT RIVER AT SPIRIT FALLS, WI 05391000: Flow=1150cfs,Stage=3.77ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER @ RAINBOW LAKE NR LAKE TOMAHAWK,WI 05382000: Flow=4460cfs,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,BLACK RIVER NEAR GALESVILLE, WI 05381000: Flow=1520cfs,Stage=5.77ft,Floodstage=18ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,BLACK RIVER AT NEILLSVILLE, WI 05370000: Flow=106cfs,Stage=14.38ft,2016-08-23 18:45,>90,EAU GALLE RIVER AT SPRING VALLEY, WI 05369500: Flow=19300cfs,Stage=8.25ft,Floodstage=13ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,CHIPPEWA RIVER AT DURAND, WI 05369000: Flow=1980cfs,Stage=7.60ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,RED CEDAR RIVER AT MENOMONIE, WI 05367500: Flow=1750cfs,Stage=4.41ft,2016-08-23 17:00,>90,RED CEDAR RIVER NEAR COLFAX, WI 05365500: Flow=13000cfs,Stage=8.65ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,CHIPPEWA RIVER AT CHIPPEWA FALLS, WI 05362000: Flow=2070cfs,Stage=6.63ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,JUMP RIVER AT SHELDON, WI 05360500: Flow=2130cfs,Stage=6.96ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,FLAMBEAU RIVER NEAR BRUCE, WI 05356500: Flow=1980cfs,Stage=3.38ft,2016-08-23 18:00,>90,CHIPPEWA RIVER NEAR BRUCE, WI 05344500: Flow=44300cfs,Stage=29.78ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT PRESCOTT, WI 05340500: Flow=6390cfs,Stage=4.58ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,ST. CROIX RIVER AT ST. CROIX FALLS, WI 05333500: Flow=1840cfs,Stage=1.86ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,ST. CROIX RIVER NEAR DANBURY, WI 04085427: Flow=194cfs,Stage=4.85ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 16:45,>90,MANITOWOC RIVER AT MANITOWOC, WI 04067500: Flow=3420cfs,Stage=10.14ft,Floodstage=15ft,2016-08-23 18:15,>90,MENOMINEE RIVER NEAR MC ALLISTER, WI 04063700: Flow=145cfs,Stage=2.82ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,POPPLE RIVER NEAR FENCE, WI 04062000: Flow=284cfs,Stage=3.42ft,2016-08-23 18:45,>90,PAINT RIVER NEAR ALPHA, MI 04060993: Flow=389cfs,Stage=4.06ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:30,>90,BRULE RIVER AT US HIGHWAY 2 NEAR FLORENCE, WI 04037500: Flow=148cfs,Stage=5.41ft,2016-08-23 19:00,>90,CISCO BRANCH ONTONAGON R AT CISCO LAKE OUTLET, MI 04031000: Flow=457cfs,Stage=3.37ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 19:00,>90,BLACK RIVER NEAR BESSEMER, MI 04027000: Flow=912cfs,Stage=4.12ft,2016-08-23 18:45,>90,BAD RIVER NEAR ODANAH, WI 05437500: Flow=4770cfs,Stage=4.07ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 17:30,76-90,ROCK RIVER AT ROCKTON, IL 05437050: Flow=2380cfs,Stage=7.07ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-08-23 18:00,76-90,PECATONICA RIVER NR SHIRLAND, ILL 05434500: Flow=959cfs,Stage=7.01ft,Floodstage=13.5ft,2016-08-23 18:30,76-90,PECATONICA RIVER AT MARTINTOWN, WI 05431486: Flow=102cfs,Stage=3.82ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,TURTLE CREEK AT CARVERS ROCK ROAD NEAR CLINTON, WI 05430500: Flow=1940cfs,Stage=4.73ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,ROCK RIVER AT AFTON, WI 05427948: Flow=5.4cfs,Stage=3.57ft,2016-08-23 18:10,76-90,PHEASANT BRANCH AT MIDDLETON, WI 05427718: Flow=25cfs,Stage=1.18ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 18:00,76-90,YAHARA RIVER AT WINDSOR, WI 05426000: Flow=283cfs,Stage=2.46ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,CRAWFISH RIVER AT MILFORD, WI 05425500: Flow=646cfs,Stage=2.41ft,Floodstage=5.5ft,2016-08-23 17:45,76-90,ROCK RIVER AT WATERTOWN, WI 05414820: Flow=29cfs,Stage=4.82ft,2016-08-23 17:15,76-90,SINSINAWA RIVER NEAR MENOMINEE, IL 05410490: Flow=613cfs,Stage=7.17ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-08-23 18:45,76-90,KICKAPOO RIVER AT STEUBEN, WI 05408000: Flow=194cfs,Stage=3.06ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,KICKAPOO RIVER AT LA FARGE, WI 05406500: Flow=51cfs,Stage=2.31ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 17:45,76-90,BLACK EARTH CREEK AT BLACK EARTH, WI 05404000: Flow=7740cfs,Stage=4.82ft,Floodstage=16ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,WISCONSIN RIVER NEAR WISCONSIN DELLS, WI 05397500: Flow=147cfs,Stage=0.87ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:00,76-90,EAU CLAIRE RIVER AT KELLY, WI 05394500: Flow=196cfs,Stage=2.60ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,PRAIRIE RIVER NEAR MERRILL, WI 05368000: Flow=367cfs,Stage=4.43ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,HAY RIVER AT WHEELER, WI 05356000: Flow=882cfs,Stage=5.38ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,CHIPPEWA RIVER AT BISHOPS BRIDGE NEAR WINTER, WI 04087000: Flow=376cfs,Stage=2.29ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,MILWAUKEE RIVER AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04078500: Flow=242cfs,Stage=3.13ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 18:00,76-90,EMBARRASS RIVER NEAR EMBARRASS, WI 04074950: Flow=471cfs,Stage=8.15ft,Floodstage=11.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,WOLF RIVER AT LANGLADE, WI 04069500: Flow=635cfs,Stage=2.16ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 18:00,76-90,PESHTIGO RIVER AT PESHTIGO, WI 04066800: Flow=3130cfs,Stage=10.81ft,Floodstage=17ft,2016-08-23 16:00,76-90,MENOMINEE RIVER AT KOSS, MI 04064500: Flow=572cfs,Stage=3.15ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 18:15,76-90,PINE RIVER BELOW PINE R POWERPLANT NR FLORENCE, WI 04063000: Flow=1610cfs,Stage=4.33ft,2016-08-23 19:00,76-90,MENOMINEE RIVER NEAR FLORENCE, WI 04060500: Flow=76cfs,Stage=4.64ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:30,76-90,IRON RIVER AT CASPIAN, MI 05544200: Flow=21cfs,Stage=2.17ft,Floodstage=5ft,2016-08-23 18:30,10-24,MUKWONAGO RIVER AT MUKWONAGO, WI 05401050: Flow=28cfs,Stage=4.68ft,2016-08-23 17:00,10-24,TENMILE CREEK NEAR NEKOOSA, WI 04087220: Flow=4.1cfs,Stage=1.85ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 18:00,10-24,ROOT RIVER NEAR FRANKLIN, WI 04087159: Flow=4.8cfs,Stage=6.16ft,Floodstage=16ft,2016-08-23 18:00,10-24,KINNICKINNIC RIVER @ S. 11TH STREET @ MILWAUKEE,WI 04027500: Flow=153cfs,Stage=1.41ft,2016-08-23 18:30,10-24,WHITE RIVER NEAR ASHLAND, WI 05548280: Flow=63cfs,Stage=3.55ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,NIPPERSINK CREEK NEAR SPRING GROVE, IL 05543830: Flow=52cfs,Stage=2.91ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,FOX RIVER AT WAUKESHA, WI 05527800: Flow=12cfs,Stage=3.83ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 17:30,25-75,DES PLAINES RIVER AT RUSSELL, IL 05430175: Flow=363cfs,Stage=4.61ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,YAHARA RIVER NEAR FULTON, WI 05427965: Flow=0.20cfs,Stage=0.43ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,SPRING HARBOR STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 05426250: Flow=49cfs,Stage=1.90ft,Floodstage=4ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,BARK RIVER NEAR ROME, WI 05423500: Flow=8.0cfs,Stage=2.06ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,SOUTH BRANCH ROCK RIVER AT WAUPUN, WI 04087257: Flow=10cfs,Stage=1.62ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,PIKE RIVER NEAR RACINE, WI 04087240: Flow=18cfs,Stage=2.32ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,ROOT RIVER AT RACINE, WI 04087204: Flow=4.3cfs,Stage=2.34ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,OAK CREEK AT SOUTH MILWAUKEE, WI 04087120: Flow=25cfs,Stage=1.69ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,MENOMONEE RIVER AT WAUWATOSA, WI 04087088: Flow=4.8cfs,Stage=3.07ft,2016-08-23 18:05,25-75,UNDERWOOD CREEK AT WAUWATOSA, WI 04087030: Flow=6.4cfs,Stage=2.93ft,Floodstage=7.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,MENOMONEE RIVER AT MENOMONEE FALLS, WI 04086600: Flow=317cfs,Stage=6.17ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,MILWAUKEE RIVER NEAR CEDARBURG, WI 04086500: Flow=30cfs,Stage=5.28ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,CEDAR CREEK NEAR CEDARBURG, WI 04086000: Flow=108cfs,Stage=2.06ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 17:45,25-75,SHEBOYGAN RIVER AT SHEBOYGAN, WI 04085200: Flow=23cfs,Stage=8.83ft,Floodstage=14ft,2016-08-23 17:45,25-75,KEWAUNEE RIVER NEAR KEWAUNEE, WI 04081000: Flow=216cfs,Stage=1.67ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,WAUPACA RIVER NEAR WAUPACA, WI 04080000: Flow=216cfs,Stage=1.38ft,Floodstage=5ft,2016-08-23 17:00,25-75,LITTLE WOLF RIVER AT ROYALTON, WI 04079000: Flow=1170cfs,Stage=2.40ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,WOLF RIVER AT NEW LONDON, WI 04073500: Flow=734cfs,Stage=8.76ft,Floodstage=13ft,2016-08-23 18:00,25-75,FOX RIVER AT BERLIN, WI 04071000: Flow=433cfs,Stage=1.25ft,Floodstage=7.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,OCONTO RIVER NEAR GILLETT, WI 04066500: Flow=164cfs,Stage=2.70ft,Floodstage=6.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,PIKE RIVER AT AMBERG, WI 04025500: Flow=151cfs,Stage=1.64ft,2016-08-23 18:30,25-75,BOIS BRULE RIVER AT BRULE, WI 04024430: Flow=114cfs,Stage=5.19ft,2016-08-23 18:15,25-75,NEMADJI RIVER NEAR SOUTH SUPERIOR, WI 464646092052900: Flow=9550cfs,Stage=603.06ft,2016-08-23 17:00,Not ranked,SUPERIOR BAY DULUTH SHIP CANAL AT DULUTH, MN 464226092005600: Stage=11.45ft,2016-08-23 16:05,Not ranked,SUPERIOR BAY ENTRY CHANNEL AT SUPERIOR, WI 450456092225801: Flow=0.006940cfs,Stage=0.005ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-WILLOW WATERWAY 1 NEAR CYLON, WI 450437092181901: Flow=0.003200cfs,Stage=0.010ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-WILLOW WATERWAY 3 NEAR EMERALD, WI 450115092180101: Flow=0.018740cfs,Stage=0.026ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-WILLOW WATERWAY 2 NR WOODVILLE, WI 445322088281801: Stage=93.39ft,2016-08-23 19:00,Not ranked,BERRY LAKE NEAR SHAWANO, WI 442119088085501: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.005ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GLRI WATERWAY NUMBER 4 NR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 442114088085701: Flow=0.004030cfs,Stage=0.030ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GLRI WATERWAY NUMBER 5 NR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 441624088045601: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.001ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER WATERWAY NUMBER 1 NR GREENLEAF, WI 441546088082001: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.040ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER WATERWAY NUMBER 2 NR GREENLEAF, WI 441520088045002: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.014ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER TILE 1 NEAR GREENLEAF, WI 441520088045001: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=0.020ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER WATERWAY 3 NEAR GREENLEAF, WI 434425090462401: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=0.000ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 6 AT CASHTON, WI 434311090461401: Flow=0.002600cfs,Stage=0.007ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 4 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434250090461401: Flow=0.008620cfs,Stage=0.014ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 5 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434246090465801: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.005ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 3 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434244090470801: Flow=0.003000cfs,Stage=0.011ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 2 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434209090491101: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.016ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 1 NEAR CASHTON, WI 430649089181232: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.01ft,2016-08-14 14:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 3 OVERFLOW @ MADISON, WI 430649089181231: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.00ft,2016-08-14 14:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 3 DRAIN TILE @ MADISON, WI 430649089181222: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.00ft,2016-08-14 14:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 2 OVERFLOW @ MADISON, WI 430649089181221: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.00ft,2016-08-14 14:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 2 DRAIN TILE @ MADISON, WI 430649089181212: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.01ft,2016-08-14 14:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 1 OVERFLOW @ MADISON, WI 430649089181211: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.01ft,2016-08-14 20:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 1 DRAIN TILE AT MADISON,WI 430649089181200: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.00ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT INFLUENT AT MADISON, WI 430532089315602: Stage=-0.031ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,BIO CELL SS-OUTLET-AT USGS OFFICE AT MIDDLETON, WI 430532089315601: Stage=-0.043ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,BIO CELL SS-INLET-AT USGS OFFICE AT MIDDLETON, WI 430428089325701: 2012-06-24 23:00,Not ranked,WEST OLD SAUK ROAD STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 430402089282000: Not ranked,Seasonal site,SOUTH KENOSHA DRIVE STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 430356089183502: Not ranked,Rating being developed or revised,US HWY 51 WISDOT GRASS SWALES MIDDLE MADISON, WI 430302089224101: Flow=0.00cfs,2012-08-15 23:45,Not ranked,JOHN NOLEN DRIVE STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 425715089164700: Stage=3.71ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LAKE KEGONSA AT BARBER DRIVE NEAR STOUGHTON, WI 424848088083100: Stage=7.48ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,WIND LAKE AT OUTLET AT WIND LAKE, WI 424008089050201: Flow=0.001940cfs,Stage=0.010ft,2016-08-22 10:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS CORE WATERWAY 5 NR JANESVILLE, WI 423954089071501: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.010ft,2016-08-23 17:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS CORE WATERWAY 1 NR JANESVILLE, WI 423525088260400: Stage=2.44ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,GENEVA LAKE AT LAKE GENEVA, WI 0402403250: Stage=24.15ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,St. Louis River at Oliver, WI. 055451345: Flow=5.1cfs,Stage=8.15ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,WHITE RIVER AT CENTER STREET AT LAKE GENEVA, WI 054279465: Flow=2.0cfs,Stage=3.05ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,S FORK PHEASANT BRANCH @ DEMING WAY @ MIDDLETON,WI 053813595: Flow=2250cfs,Stage=38.20ft,Floodstage=47ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,BLACK RIVER DS ST HWY 54 AT BLACK RIVER FALLS, WI 053674967: Flow=13cfs,Stage=4.25ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,TROUT CREEK AT TENTH STREET NEAR BLOOMER, WI 053416966: Flow=0.50cfs,Stage=3.06ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DRY RUN AT 190TH STREET NEAR JEWETT, WI 040871488: Flow=1.9cfs,Stage=10.84ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,WILSON PARK CK @ ST. LUKES HOSPITAL @ MILWAUKEE,WI 040871476: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.10ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,HOLMES AVE CRK TRIB @ GMIA OUTFALL #1 AT MILWAUKEE 040871475: Flow=0.26cfs,Stage=10.76ft,2016-08-23 18:20,Not ranked,WILSON PARK CREEK @ GMIA OUTFALL #7 @ MILWAUKEE,WI 040871473: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=10.58ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,WILSON PARK CREEK AT GMIA INFALL AT MILWAUKEE, WI 040869416: Flow=1.5cfs,Stage=3.55ft,2016-08-23 18:05,Not ranked,LINCOLN CREEK @ SHERMAN BOULEVARD AT MILWAUKEE, WI 040857005: Flow=2.5cfs,Stage=4.26ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,OTTER CREEK AT WILLOW ROAD NEAR PLYMOUTH, WI 040854592: Flow=0.16cfs,Stage=3.54ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,FISHER CREEK AT HOWARDS GROVE, WI 040851385: Flow=2080cfs,Stage=579.94ft,Floodstage=584ft,2016-08-23 18:20,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT OIL TANK DEPOT AT GREEN BAY, WI 040734605: Flow=-78cfs,Stage=6.42ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,GREEN LAKE SW INLET @ CT HIGHWY K NR GREEN LAKE,WI 040263205: Flow=20cfs,Stage=1.32ft,2016-08-23 18:40,Not ranked,WHITTLESEY CREEK NEAR ASHLAND, WI 05548170: Flow=17cfs,2013-10-01 00:00,Not ranked,NORTH BRANCH NIPPERSINK CREEK AT GENOA CITY, WI 05548000: Stage=4.18ft,2016-08-23 17:30,Not ranked,NIPPERSINK LAKE AT FOX LAKE, IL 05547500: Stage=4.26ft,2016-08-23 17:30,Not ranked,FOX LAKE NEAR LAKE VILLA, IL 05547000: Stage=4.39ft,2016-08-23 17:30,Not ranked,CHANNEL LAKE NEAR ANTIOCH, IL 05545750: Flow=243cfs,Stage=5.51ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,FOX RIVER NEAR NEW MUNSTER, WI 05544475: Stage=4.36ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-08-23 18:45,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT ROCHESTER, WI 05544385: Stage=11.14ft,2016-08-23 18:45,Not ranked,MUSKEGO (BIG MUSKEGO) LAKE OUTLET NR WIND LAKE, WI 05544348: Stage=1.53ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT WATERFORD DAM, AT WATERFORD, WI 05527950: Flow=4.6cfs,Stage=5.87ft,2016-08-23 17:45,Not ranked,MILL CREEK AT OLD MILL CREEK, IL 05527910: Flow=1.2cfs,Stage=16.63ft,2016-08-23 17:45,Not ranked,NORTH MILL CREEK NEAR MILBURN, IL 05527905: Flow=1.2cfs,Stage=10.79ft,2016-08-23 17:45,Not ranked,HASTINGS CREEK NEAR LINDENHURST, IL 05527900: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=6.91ft,2016-08-23 17:30,Not ranked,NORTH MILL CREEK AT HICKORY CORNERS, IL 05438283: Flow=2.2cfs,Stage=4.85ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,PISCASAW CREEK NEAR WALWORTH, WI 05435950: Flow=53cfs,Stage=3.40ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,SUGAR RIVER NEAR VERONA, WI 05435943: Flow=16cfs,Stage=4.73ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,BADGER MILL CREEK AT VERONA, WI 05432927: Flow=94cfs,Stage=11.55ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,PLEASANT VALLEY CREEK @ CTH H NR BLANCHARDVILLE,WI 05432695: Flow=21cfs,Stage=7.90ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,RIDGEWAY BRANCH NEAR HOLLANDALE, WI 05431016: Flow=2.2cfs,Stage=8.30ft,2016-08-23 17:45,Not ranked,JACKSON CREEK AT MOUND ROAD NEAR ELKHORN, WI 05429700: Flow=237cfs,Stage=6.42ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,YAHARA RIVER @ FORTON STREET BRIDGE @ STOUGHTON,WI 05429485: Stage=5.59ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LAKE WAUBESA AT MC FARLAND, WI 05429000: Stage=6.10ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LAKE MONONA AT MADISON, WI 05428500: Flow=115cfs,Stage=6.77ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,YAHARA RIVER AT EAST MAIN STREET AT MADISON, WI 05428000: Stage=10.44ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LAKE MENDOTA AT MADISON, WI 05427943: Flow=1.5cfs,Stage=3.20ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,PHEASANT BRANCH AT AIRPORT ROAD NEAR MIDDLETON, WI 05427930: Flow=8.0cfs,Stage=11.03ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,DORN (SPRING) CREEK AT CT HIGHWAY M NR WAUNAKEE,WI 05427927: Flow=3.6cfs,Stage=2.75ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,DORN (SPRING) CREEK @ CT HIGHWAY Q NR WAUNAKEE, WI 05427910: Flow=19cfs,Stage=10.78ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,SIXMILE CREEK @ COUNTY TRNK HGHWY M NR WAUNAKEE,WI 05427880: Flow=7.6cfs,Stage=4.27ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,SIXMILE CREEK AT STATE HIGHWAY 19 NEAR WAUNAKEE,WI 05427850: Flow=30cfs,Stage=10.60ft,2016-08-23 18:05,Not ranked,YAHARA RIVER AT STATE HIGHWAY 113 AT MADISON, WI 05427530: Flow=1310cfs,Stage=2.52ft,Floodstage=6.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,ROCK RIVER AT NEWVILLE, WI 05427235: Stage=6.21ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,LAKE KOSHKONONG NEAR NEWVILLE, WI 05427085: Flow=1150cfs,Stage=11.28ft,Floodstage=16ft,2016-08-23 17:55,Not ranked,ROCK RIVER AT ROBERT STREET AT FORT ATKINSON, WI 05426380: Flow=1.7cfs,Stage=0.68ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,PARADISE SPRINGS CREEK NEAR EAGLE, WI 05426350: Flow=2.9cfs,Stage=0.35ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,SCUPPERNONG RIVER UPSTREAM OF MARL PIT NR EAGLE,WI 05426067: Flow=18cfs,Stage=12.42ft,2016-08-23 16:00,Not ranked,BARK RIVER AT NAGAWICKA ROAD AT DELAFIELD, WI 05424057: Flow=173cfs,Stage=7.46ft,Floodstage=8.5ft,2016-08-23 15:00,Not ranked,ROCK RIVER AT HORICON, WI 05411500: Stage=14.31ft,2016-08-23 18:45,Not ranked,Mississippi River at Clayton, IA 05408480: Flow=2.1cfs,Stage=2.67ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,W FORK KICKAPOO R AT PEACEFUL VALLEY RD NR CASHTON 05407470: Flow=68cfs,Stage=8.45ft,Floodstage=16ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,KICKAPOO RIVER AT STATE HIGHWAY 33 AT ONTARIO, WI 05406479: Flow=9.3cfs,Stage=2.91ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,BLACK EARTH CK NR TREATMENT PLNT @ CROSS PLAINS,WI 05406469: Flow=2.3cfs,Stage=2.24ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,BREWERY CREEK-UPSTREAM SITE-AT CROSS PLAINS, WI 05406457: Flow=12cfs,Stage=2.23ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,BLACK EARTH CREEK NR BREWERY RD AT CROSS PLAINS,WI 05404500: Stage=8.95ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DEVILS LAKE NEAR BARABOO, WI 05403000: Flow=653cfs,Stage=10.87ft,Floodstage=15ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,YELLOW RIVER AT NECEDAH, WI 05400625: Flow=4.6cfs,Stage=3.18ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LITTLE PLOVER RIVER NEAR PLOVER, WI 05390685: Flow=13cfs,Stage=11.58ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,MUSKELLUNGE CREEK NEAR ST. GERMAIN, WI 05390500: Stage=90.83ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,ANVIL LAKE NEAR EAGLE RIVER, WI 05389500: Flow=21700cfs,2013-10-30 00:00,Stage=11.68ft,2016-08-23 18:15:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Mississippi River at McGregor, IA 05389400: Flow=24cfs,Stage=4.20ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,Bloody Run Creek near Marquette, IA 05389000: Flow=357cfs,Stage=5.99ft,2016-08-23 18:45,Not ranked,Yellow River near Ion, IA 05386400: Stage=32.92ft,2016-08-23 18:45,Not ranked,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT BROWNSVILLE, MN 05383075: Flow=708cfs,Stage=4.45ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,LA CROSSE RIVER NEAR LA CROSSE, WI 05382325: Flow=250cfs,Stage=4.00ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,LA CROSSE RIVER AT SPARTA, WI 05382284: Flow=44cfs,Stage=5.91ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,SILVER CREEK AT STATE HIGHWAY 21 NEAR ANGELO, WI 05382267: Flow=91cfs,Stage=7.23ft,2016-08-23 18:20,Not ranked,LA CROSSE RIVER @ CNTY TRUNK HIGHWY BB NR TOMAH,WI 05382257: Flow=2.6cfs,Stage=1.97ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,STILLWELL CREEK AT YARD ROAD NEAR TOMAH, WI 05382255: Flow=1.8cfs,Stage=2.38ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,STILLWELL CREEK AT SIXTEENTH COURT NEAR TOMAH, WI 05379400: Flow=679cfs,Stage=4.08ft,Floodstage=8ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,TREMPEALEAU RIVER AT ARCADIA, WI 05378490: Stage=9.99ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT LOCK AND DAM 5A NR WINONA, MN 05366800: Flow=15700cfs,Stage=8.69ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,CHIPPEWA R AT GRAND AVE AT EAU CLAIRE, WI 05365550: Flow=13700cfs,Stage=10.26ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,CHIPPEWA RIVER BELOW DELLS DAM AT EAU CLAIRE, WI 05357335: Flow=92cfs,Stage=4.88ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,BEAR RIVER NEAR MANITOWISH WATERS, WI 05357245: Flow=57cfs,Stage=1.49ft,2016-08-23 17:00,Not ranked,TROUT RIVER AT TROUT LAKE NEAR BOULDER JUNCTION,WI 05357230: Flow=4.3cfs,Stage=8.07ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,NORTH CREEK AT TROUT LAKE NEAR BOULDER JUNCTION,WI 05357225: Flow=2.6cfs,Stage=7.82ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,STEVENSON CREEK @ CT HWY M NR BOULDER JUNCTION, WI 05357215: Flow=19cfs,Stage=1.70ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,ALLEQUASH CREEK @ CT HWY M NR BOULDER JUNCTION, WI 05357206: Flow=6.4cfs,Stage=0.66ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,ALLEQUASH CREEK SITE NO. 3 NR BOULDER JUNCTION, WI 05344490: Flow=6920cfs,Stage=29.77ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,ST. CROIX RIVER AT PRESCOTT, WI 05342000: Flow=118cfs,Stage=10.46ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,KINNICKINNIC RIVER NEAR RIVER FALLS, WI 05341752: Flow=162cfs,Stage=3.92ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,WILLOW RIVER @ WILLOW R STATE PARK NR BURKHARDT,WI 05331833: Flow=215cfs,Stage=2.16ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,NAMEKAGON RIVER AT LEONARDS, WI 04087214: Flow=1.7cfs,Stage=10.49ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,ROOT RIVER AT GRANGE AVENUE AT GREENFIELD, WI 04087170: Flow=949cfs,Stage=9.48ft,2016-08-23 18:05,Not ranked,MILWAUKEE RIVER AT MOUTH AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04087142: Flow=-123cfs,Stage=14.04ft,2016-08-23 18:10,Not ranked,MENOMONEE RIVER AT 16TH STREET AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04087119: Flow=1.7cfs,Stage=10.33ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,HONEY CREEK AT WAUWATOSA, WI 04087070: Flow=1.4cfs,Stage=3.63ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04087050: Flow=0.68cfs,Stage=1.90ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER NEAR FREISTADT, WI 04085108: Flow=1.3cfs,Stage=4.20ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,EAST RIVER @ CNTY TRUNK HIGHWAY ZZ NR GREENLEAF,WI 04085082: Stage=580.28ft,2016-08-23 18:50,Not ranked,FOX RIVER DS FROM DUTCHMAN CREEK AT GREEN BAY, WI 04085062: Stage=580.93ft,2016-08-20 06:33,Not ranked,FOX RIVER S OF FOX POINT BOAT LAUNCH @ DE PERE, WI 04085061: Stage=580.66ft,2016-08-23 18:50,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT FORT HOWARD PAPER MILL AT DE PERE, WI 04084927: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=2.41ft,2016-08-23 13:00,Not ranked,WEST PLUM CREEK AT NEW ROAD NEAR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 04084911: Flow=0.58cfs,Stage=2.31ft,2016-08-23 17:45,Not ranked,PLUM CREEK NEAR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 04084445: Stage=5.63ft,2016-08-23 18:15:00,Floodstage=8.4ft,Not ranked,Equipment malfunction,FOX RIVER AT APPLETON, WI 04084255: Stage=3.04ft,2016-08-23 16:05,Not ranked,LAKE WINNEBAGO NEAR STOCKBRIDGE, WI 04082500: Stage=3.08ft,Floodstage=3.5ft,2016-08-23 17:00,Not ranked,LAKE WINNEBAGO AT OSHKOSH, WI 04082400: Flow=268cfs,Stage=6.52ft,Floodstage=7.5ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT OSHKOSH, WI 04080798: Flow=23cfs,Stage=8.52ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,TOMORROW RIVER NEAR NELSONVILLE, WI 04077630: Flow=127cfs,Stage=5.90ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,RED RIVER AT MORGAN ROAD NEAR MORGAN, WI 04073466: Flow=22cfs,Stage=6.81ft,2016-08-23 18:05,Not ranked,SILVER CREEK AT SPAULDING ROAD NEAR GREEN LAKE, WI 04073458: Flow=0.57cfs,Stage=4.57ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,ROY CREEK AT ROY CREEK ROAD NEAR GREEN LAKE, WI 04073365: Flow=617cfs,Stage=4.11ft,Floodstage=9.5ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT PRINCETON, WI 04072150: Flow=2.6cfs,Stage=11.24ft,Floodstage=18ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,DUCK CREEK NEAR HOWARD, WI 04072076: Flow=0.05cfs,Stage=2.21ft,2016-08-23 17:45,Not ranked,SILVER CREEK AT FLORIST DRIVE AT ONEIDA, WI 04071765: Flow=490cfs,Stage=4.63ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,OCONTO RIVER NEAR OCONTO, WI 04069416: Flow=587cfs,Stage=8.10ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-08-23 18:35,Not ranked,PESHTIGO RIVER AT PORTERFIELD, WI 04067958: Flow=460cfs,Stage=4.52ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-08-23 16:45,Not ranked,PESHTIGO RIVER NEAR WABENO, WI 04066030: Flow=2930cfs,2016-08-23 18:30,Floodstage=14ft,Not ranked,MENOMINEE RIVER AT WHITE RAPIDS DAM NEAR BANAT, MI 04065106: Flow=2400cfs,Stage=6.80ft,Floodstage=13ft,2016-08-23 18:15,Not ranked,MENOMINEE RIVER AT NIAGARA, WI 04063500: Stage=15.36ft,Floodstage=20.5ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,MENOMINEE RIVER AT TWIN FALLS NEAR IRON MT, MI 04062011: Flow=641cfs,Stage=7.13ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-08-23 19:30,Not ranked,BRULE RIVER NEAR COMMONWEALTH, WI 04037400: Stage=4.16ft,2016-08-23 18:45,Not ranked,CISCO LAKE NEAR WATERSMEET, MI 04026561: Flow=233cfs,Stage=5.20ft,2016-08-23 18:30,Not ranked,TYLER FORKS RIVER AT STRICKER ROAD NEAR MELLEN, WI 04026511: Not ranked,Rating being developed or revised,BAD RIVER AT US HIGHWAY 169 NEAR MELLEN, WI 04026390: Stage=5.08ft,2016-08-23 18:00,Not ranked,Very low value,BEARTRAP CREEK AT U.S. HIGHWAY 2 NEAR ASHLAND, WI Go to WaterWatch (offsite) for a larger map with additional options