Dale M. Robertson

About the Wisconsin
Water Science Center


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Dale M. Robertson

Research Hydrologist, Surface-water Chemistry

Dale M. Robertson


Contact Information

U.S. Geological Survey
Wisconsin Water Science Center
8505 Research Way
Middleton, Wisconsin 53562
Phone: 608-821-3867
Fax: 608-821-3817
Email: dzrobert@usgs.gov



  • B.S. in Biology, Chemistry, and Mathematics - St. Norbert College, DePere, Wisconsin, 1981.
  • M.S. in Oceanography and Limnology - University of Wisconsin-Madison. Thesis: "Interbasin Separation and Its Impact on the Annual Heat Budgets of the Individual Basins in Trout Lake, Wisconsin," 1984.
  • Ph.D. in Oceanography and Limnology - University of Wisconsin-Madison. Thesis: "The Use of Lake Water Temperature and Ice Cover as Climatic Indicators", 1989.
  • Post-doctoral Research Fellow, in Reservoir Modeling - Centre for Water Research, University of Western Australia, 1989-1991.

Areas of Expertise

  • limnology
  • water-quality modeling
  • influence of environmental factors, watershed management strategies, and in-lake management alternatives on the water quality of rivers and lakes
  • ice as climatic indicators
  • effects of artificial destratification
  • regional loading estimates
  • meteorological and lake physical measurements
  • air-water interactions

Current Projects

Recently completed projects

Selected Publications

USGS Series Publications

    Baldwin, A.K., Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., and Magruder, Christopher, 2013, Refinement of regression models to estimate real-time concentrations of contaminants in the Menomonee River drainage basin, southeast Wisconsin, 2008–11: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5174, 113 p., seven appendixes.

    Juckem, P.J., and Robertson, D.M., 2013, Hydrology and water quality of Shell Lake, Washburn County, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on the effects of diversion and changes in water level on the water quality of a shallow terminal lake: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5181, 77 p.

    Robertson, D.M., Garn, H.S., Rose, W.J., Juckem, P.J., and Reneau, P.C., 2012, Hydrology, water quality, and response to simulated changes in phosphorus loading of Mercer Lake, Iron County, Wisconsin, with emphasis on effects of wastewater discharges on water quality: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5134, 58 p.

    Baldwin, A.K., Graczyk, D.J., Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., and Magruder, C., 2012, Use of real-time monitoring to predict concentrations of select constituents in the Menomonee River drainage basin, Southeast Wisconsin, 20089: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Invest. Report 20125064, 18 p.

    Juckem, P.F., Reneau, P.C., and Robertson, D.M., 2012, Estimation of natural historical flows for the Manitowish River near Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Invest. Report 20125135, 42 p.

    Graczyk, D.J., Robertson, D.M., Baumgart, P., and Fermanich, K., 2011, Hydrology, phosphorus, and suspended sediment in five agricultural streams in the Lower Fox River and Green Bay watersheds, Wisconsin, Water Years 200406: U.S. Geol. Survey Scientific Invest. Report 20115011.

    Garn, H.S., Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Saad, D.A., 2010, Hydrology, water quality, and response to changes in phosphorus loading of Minocqua and Kawaguesaga Lakes, Oneida County, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on effects of urbanization: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5196, 54 p.

    Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Juckem, P.F., 2009, Water quality and hydrology of Whitefish (Bardon) Lake, Douglas County, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on responses of an oligotrophic seepage lake to changes in phosphorus loading and water level: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5089, 41 p.

    Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Fitzpatrick, F.A., 2009, Water quality and hydrology of Silver Lake, Barron County, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on responses of a terminal lake to changes in phosphorus loading and water level: U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5077, 38 p.

    Robertson, D.M., Weigel, B.M., and Graczyk, D.J., 2008, Nutrient Concentrations and their relations to the biotic integrity of nonwadeable rivers in Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1754, 81 p.

    Wisconsin Water Science Center Lake-Studies Team: Rose, W. J.; Garn, H. S.; Goddard, G. L.; Marsh, S. B.; Olson, D. L.; Robertson, D. M., 2008, Water-Quality and Lake-Stage Data for Wisconsin Lakes, Water Year 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1182, 204 p.

    Robertson, D.M., and Rose, W.J., 2008, Water quality, hydrology, and simulated response to changes in phosphorus loading of Butternut Lake, Price and Ashland Counties, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on the effects of internal phosphorus loading in a polymictic lake: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5053, 46 p.

    Rose, W. J., Garn, H. S., Goddard, G. L., Marsh, S. B., Olson, D. L., Robertson, D. M., 2007, Water-Quality and Lake-Stage Data for Wisconsin Lakes, Water Year 2006, 186 p., USGS Open-File Report 2007-1173

    Rose, W. J., Garn, H. S., Goddard, G. L., Marsh, S. B., Olson, D. L., Robertson, D. M., 2006, Water-Quality and Lake-Stage Data for Wisconsin Lakes, Water Year 2005, USGS Open-File Report 2006-1080

    H.S. Garn, D.M Robertson, W.J. Rose, G.L. Goddard, and J.S. Horwatich, 2006, Water Quality, Hydrology, and Response to Changes in Phosphorus Loading of Nagawicka Lake, a Calcareous Lake in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5273, 53 p.

    D.M. Robertson, D.A. Saad, and D.M. Heisey, 2006, Present and Reference Concentrations and Yields of Suspended Sediment in Streams in the Great Lakes Region and Adjacent Areas: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5066, 46 p. - HTML - PDF

    D.M. Robertson, D.J. Graczyk, P.J. Garrison, L. Wang, G. LaLiberte, and R. Bannerman, 2006, Nutrient Concentrations and Their Relations to the Biotic Integrity of Wadeable Streams in Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1722, 156 p. HTML - PDF

    Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Saad, D.A., 2005, Water quality, hydrology, and phosphorus loading to Little St. Germain Lake, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on the effects of winter aeration and ground-water inputs: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5071, 36 p. Full text

    Dupre, D.H., and Robertson, D.M., 2004, Water quality of Nippersink Creek and Wonder Lake, McHenry County, Illinois, 1994-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5085, 35 p. Full text (pdf)

    Rose, William J.; Robertson, Dale M.; Mergener, Elizabeth A., 2004, Water quality, hydrology, and the effects of changes in phosphorus loading to Pike Lake, Washington County, Wisconsin, with special emphasis on inlet-to-outlet short-circuiting: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5141, 42 p.

    Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Garn, H.S., 2003, Water quality and the effects of changes in phosphorus loading, Red Cedar Lakes, Barron and Washburn Counties, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4238, 42 p. Full text

    Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Saad, D.A., 2003, Water quality and the effects of changes in phosphorus loading to Muskellunge Lake, Vilas County, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4011, 18 p. Full text

    Garn, H.S., Elder, J.F., and Robertson, D.M., 2003, Why study lakes? An overview of U.S. Geological Survey lake studies in Wisconsin : U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-063-03, 8 p. Full text

    Lenz, B.N., Robertson, D.M., Fallon, J.D., and Ferrin, R., 2003, Nutrient and suspended-sediment concentrations and loads and benthic-invertebrate data for tributaries to the St. Croix River, Wisconsin and Minnesota, 1997-99: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4162, 57 p. Full text (pdf)

    Robertson, D.M., Goddard, G.L, Mergerer, E.A., Rose, W.J., and Garrison, P.J., 2002, Hydrology and water quality of Geneva Lake, Walworth County, Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 02-4039, 73 p. Full text (pdf)

    Robertson, D.M., and Lenz, B.N., 2002, Response of the St. Croix River Pools, Wisconsin and Minnesota, to various phosphorus-loading scenarios: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4181, 36 p. Full text (pdf)

    Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., and Wieben, A.M., 2001, An alternative regionalization scheme for defining nutrient criteria for rivers and streams, U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 01-4073, 57 p. Full text (pdf)

    Robertson, D.M., 2000, One-dimensional simulation of stratification and dissolved oxygen in McCook Reservoir, Illinois : U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4258, 17 p. Full text (pdf)

    Robertson, D.M., and Rose, W.J., 2000, Hydrology, water quality, and phosphorus loading of Little St. Germain Lake, Vilas County, Wisconsin : U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4209. 8 p. Full text.

    Elder, J.F., Robertson, D.M., and Garrison, P.J., 2000, Chemical composition of surficial deposits in Geneva Lake, Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-121-00. Full text

    Graczyk, D.J., Robertson, D.M., Rose, W.J., and Steuer, J.J., 2000, Comparison of water-quality samples collected by siphon samplers and automatic samplers in Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-067-00. Full text

    Johnson, G.P., Hornewer, N.J., Robertson, D.M., and Olson, D.T., 2000, Methodology, data collection, and data analysis for determination of water-mixing patterns induced by aerators and mixers, U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4101. 72 p.

    Saad, D.A., and Robertson, D.M., 2000, Water-resources-related information for the St. Croix Reservation and vicinity, Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4133, 65 P. Full text (pdf)

    Robertson, D.M., 1998, Evaluation of the surface-water sampling design in the Western Lake Michigan Drainages in relation to environmental factors affecting water quality, U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 98-4072, 53 p. Abstract

    Rose, W.J., and Robertson, D.M., 1998, Hydrology, water quality, and phosphorus loading of Kirby Lake, Barron County, Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-066-98, 4 p. Full text

    Robertson, D.M., 1997, Climate and weather, and Fitzpatrick, F.A., Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., and Sullivan, D.J., 1997, Surface water, In: Environmental setting and implications for water quality in the Western Lake Michigan Drainages, C.A. Peters (ed.), U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 97-4196, 79 p. Abstract - Full text (djvu)

    Robertson, D.M., 1996. Use of frequency-volume analyses to estimate regionalized yields and loads of sediment, phosphorus, and polychlorinated biphenyls to Lakes Michigan and Superior, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 96-4092, 47 p. Abstract - Full text (djvu)

    Robertson, D.M., 1996, Sources and transport of phosphorus in the Western Lake Michigan Drainages, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-208-96, 4 p. Full text (pdf)

    Roberton, D.M., and Saad, D.A., 1996. Water-quality assessment of the Western Lake Michigan Drainages - Analysis of available information on nutrients and suspended sediment, water years 1971-90, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 96-4012, 165 p. Abstract - Full text (djvu)

    Robertson, D.M., Field, S.J, Elder, J.F., Goddard, G.L., and James, W.F., 1996. Phosphorus dynamics of Delavan Lake Inlet in southeastern Wisconsin, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 96-4160, 18 p. Abstract - Full text (djvu)

    Robertson, D.M., and Saad, D.A., 1995. Environmental factors used to subdivide the Western Lake Michigan Drainages into relatively homogeneous units for water-quality site selection. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-220-95, 4 p. Full text (pdf)

Journal Publications, Book Chapters, and Other Publications

    Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., Schwarz, G.E., 2014, Spatial Variability in Nutrient Transport by HUC8, State, and Subbasin Based on Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin SPARROW Models: Journal of the American Water Resources Association. DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12153.

    LaBeau, M.B., Robertson, D.M., Mayer, A.S., and Pijanowski, B.C., 2014, Effects of future urban and biofuel crop expansions on the riverine export of phosphorus to the Laurentian Great Lakes: Ecological Modelling v. 277, p. 27–37, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel_2014.01.016

    Powers, S.M., Robertson, D.M., and Stanley, E.H., 2013, Effects of lakes and reservoirs on annual river nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment export in agricultural and forested landscapes: Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10083.

    Robertson, D.M. and Saad, D.A., 2013, SPARROW models used to understand nutrient sources in the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin: Journal of Environmental Quality. v. 42, no. 5, p. 1422-1440, DOI: 10.2134/jeq2013.02.0066.

    Robertson, D.M., and Saad, D.A., 2013. Reply to Discussion — "Nutrient Inputs to the Laurentian Great Lakes by Source and Watershed Estimated Using SPARROW Watershed Models" by R. Peter Richards, Ibrahim Alameddine, J. David Allan, David B. Baker, Nathan S. Bosch, Remegio Confesor, Joseph V. DePinto, David M. Dolan, Jeffrey M. Reutter, and Donald Scavia. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). v. 49, no. 3, p. 725–734, DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12060.

    Robertson, D.M. and Saad, D.A., 2011, Nutrient inputs to the Laurentian Great Lakes by source and watershed estimated using SPARROW watershed models: Journal of the American Water Resources Association. v. 47, p. 1011-1033, DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00574.x.

    Robertson, D.M. and Rose, W.J., 2011, Response in the trophic state of stratified lakes to changes in hydrology and water level: potential effects of climate change: Journal of Water and Climate Change, vol. 2. No. 1, p. 1-18.

    Saad, D.A., Schwarz, G.E., Robertson, D.M., and Booth, N.L., 2011, Sources and characteristics of a multi-agency stream monitoring dataset used in regional nutrient SPARROW models: Journal of the American Water Resources Association. v. 47, p. 933-949, DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.

    Hubbard, L.E., Kolpin, D.W, Kalkoff, S.J., and Robertson, D.M., 2010, Nutrient and sediment concentrations and corresponding loads during the historic June 2008 flooding in eastern Iowa: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 40, p. 166-175, DOI:10.2134/jeq2010.0257.

    Robertson, Dale M., Schwarz, Gregory E., Saad, David A., and Alexander, Richard B., 2009, Incorporating Uncertainty into the Ranking of SPARROW Model Nutrient Yields from the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin Watersheds: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 45, No. 2, April 2009, p. 534-549.  Incorporating Uncertainty into the Ranking of SPARROW Model Nutrient Yields from the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin Watersheds

    Diebel, Matthew, Maxted, J., Robertson, D.M., Han, S., and Vander Zanden, J., 2009, Landscape planning for agricultural nonpoint-source pollution reduction III: Assessing phosphorus and sediment reduction potential: Environmental Management, v. 43, p. 69-83, DOI:10.1007/s00267-008-9139-x.

    Juckem, P.F., Hunt, R.J., Anderson, M.P., and Robertson, D.M., 2008, Effects of climate and land management change on streamflow in the driftless area of Wisconsin: Journal of Hydrology, v. 355, p. 123-130. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.03.010  

    Robertson, D.M., and Schladow, S.G., 2008, Response in the water quality in the Salton Sea to changes in phosphorus loading: An empirical modeling approach: Hydrobiologia, v. 604, p. 5–19. doi:10.1007/s10750-008-9321-4

    Robertson, D.M., Schladow, S.G., and Holdren, G.C., 2008, Long-term changes in the phosphorus loading to and trophic state of the Salton Sea: Hydrobiologia, v. 604, p. 21–36. doi:10.1007/s10750-008-9312-5

    Chung, E., Schladow, S.G., Perez-Losada, J., and Robertson, D.M., 2008. A linked hydrodynamic and water quality model for the Salton Sea: Hydrobiologia, v. 604, p. 57–75. doi:10.1007/s10750-008-9311-6

    Robertson, D.M., Garn, H.S., and Rose, W.J., 2007, Response of calcareous Nagawicka Lake, Wisconsin, to changes in phosphorus loading. Lake and Reservoir Management, v. 23, p. 298-312.

    Weigel, B., and Robertson, D.M., 2007, Identifying biotic integrity and water chemistry relations in nonwadeable rivers in Wisconsin: Towards the development of nutrient criteria: Environmental Management, Vol. 40, No. 4, p. 691–708. doi:10.1007/s00267-006-0452-y

    Wang, L., Robertson, D.M., and Garrison, P.J., 2007, Linkages between nutrients and assemblages of macroinvertebrates and fish in wadeable streams: Implication to nutrient criteria development: Environmental Management, Vol. 39, No. 2, p. 194-212. doi:10.1007/s00267-006-0135-8

    Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., and Heisey, D.M., 2006, A regional classification scheme for estimating reference water quality in streams using land-use-adjusted spatial regression-tree analysis: Environmental Management, vol. 37, no. 2, pp 209-229. doi:10.1007/s00267-005-0022-8

    Magnuson, J.J., Benson, B.J., Lenters, J.D, and Robertson, D.M., 2005, Climate driven variability and change, Chapter 7, In Magnuson, J.J., Kratz, T.K, and Benson, B.J eds. Long-term dynamics of lakes in the landscape, Oxford University Press, p. 141-175.

    Marzolf, G.R., and Robertson, D.M., Reservoirs, 2005, In Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences: Anderson, M.G., and McDonnell, J.J., eds., v. 4, part 9, John Wiley & Sons, p. 1675-1680.

    Robertson, D.M., and Saad, D.A., 2003, Environmental Water-Quality Zones for Streams: A Regional Classification Scheme: Environmental Management, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 581-602. doi:10.1007/s00267-002-2955-5

    Robertson, D.M., 2003, Influence of different temporal sampling strategies on estimating total phosphorus and suspended sediment concentration and transport in small streams: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 39, No. 5, p 1281-1308. doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2003.tb03709.x

    Magnuson, J.J., Krohelski, J.T., Kunkel, K.E., and Robertson, D.M., 2003, Wisconsin 's waters and climate: historical changes and possible futures: In Wisconsin's waters: a confluence of perspectives. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy, p. 23-36.  

    Olsen, A.R., and Robertson, D.M., 2003, Monitoring design: Water Resources Impact, Vol. 5, No. 5, p. 14-16. TOC

    Robertson, D.M., Wynne, R.H., and Chang, W.Y.B., 2002, Variability in ice cover across the northern hemisphere during the 1900's associated with El Nino events, Proc. of the International Limnological Society, SIL, Dublin, Ireland , August, 1998.

    Lathrop, R.C., Carpenter, S.R., and Robertson, D.M., 2002, Interacting factors causing excep­tional water clarity in Lakes Mendota and Monona, Wisconsin, Proc. of the International Limno­logical Society, SIL, Dublin, Ireland, Aug. 1998.

    Madenjian, C.P., Fahenstiel, G.L., Johengen, T.H., Nalepa, T.F., Venderploeg, H.A., Fleischer, G.W., Schneeberger, P.J., Benjamin, D.M., Smith, E.B., Bence, J.R., Rutherford, E.S., Lavis, D.S., Robertson, D.M., Jude, D.J., and Ebener, M.P., 2002, Dynamics of the Lake Michigan food web, 1970-2000: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 59, p. 736-753.

    Magnuson, J.J., Wynne, R.H., Benson, B.J., and Robertson, D.M., 2002, Lake and river ice as a powerful indicator of past and present climates, Proc. of the International Limnological Society, SIL, Dublin, Ireland, August, 1998.

    Robertson, D.M., Goddard, G.L., Helsel, D.R., and MacKinnon, K.L., 2000, Rehabilitation of Delavan Lake, Wisconsin, Lake and Reservoir Management, Vol. 20, No. 3, p. 155-176.

    Robertson, D.M., and Richards, K.D., 2000, Influence of different temporal sampling strategies on estimating loads and maximum concentrations in small stream, Proceedings of the National Water Quality Monitoring Council National Monitoring Conference, Austin, TX, April, p. 209-223.

    Magnuson, J.J., Robertson, D.M., Wynne, R.H., Benson, B.J., Livingstone, D.M., Arai, T., Assel, R.A., Barry, R.G., Card, V., Kuusisto, E., Granin, N.G., Prowse, T.D., Stewart, K.M., and Vuglinski, V.S., 2000, Historical Trends in Lake and River Ice Cover in the Northern Hemisphere, Science, Vol. 289, No. 5485, p. 1743-1746.

    Lathrop, R.C., Carpenter, S.R., and Robertson, D.M., 1999, Summer water clarity responses to phosphorus, Daphnia grazing, and internal mixing in Lake Mendota, Limnology and Oceanography, 44(1):137-146.

    Panuska, J.C., and Robertson, D.M., 1999, Estimating phosphorus concentrations following alum treatment using apparent settling velocities, Lakes and Reservoir Management, Vol. 15(1), p. 28-38.

    Robertson, D.M., Elder, J.F., Goddard, G.L., and James, W.F., 1998, Dynamics in phosphorus retention in wetlands upstream of Delavan Lake, Wisconsin, Lakes and Reservoir Management: Vol. 14(4), p. 466-477.

    Robertson, D.M., and Roerish, E.D., 1999, Influence of various water-quality sampling strategies on load estimates for small streams, Water Resources Research, Vol. 35, No. 12, p. 3747-3759.

    Robertson, D.M., 1997, Regionalized loads of sediment and phosphorus to Lakes Michigan and Superior - High flow and long-term average, Journal of Great Lakes Research, Vol. 23, p. 416-439.

    Hornewer, N.J., Johnson, G.P., Robertson, D.M., and Hondzo, M., 1997, Field-scale tests for determining mixing patterns associated with coarse-bubble air diffuser configurations, Egan Quarry, Illinois, In: Environmental and Coastal Hydraulics: Protecting the Aquatic Habitat, Proceedings of the International Association of Hydraulic Research, San Francisco, CA, USA, p. 57-63.

    Anderson, W.L., Robertson, D.M., and Magnuson, J.J., 1996. Evidence of recent warming and El Nino-related variation in ice breakup of Wisconsin lakes, Limnology and Oceanography, 41(5):815-821.

    Klump, J.V., Edgington, D.N., Sager, P.E., and Robertson, D.M., 1996, The bigeochemistry of Green Bay : 1. Sedimentary phosphorus cycling in a phosphorus mass balance for the Green Bay ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 10-26.

    Imberger, J., Robertson, D.M., and Boland, K., 1996, Lake Number : A quantitative indicator of mixing to be used in water quality management. ScientificImpeller, Solna, Sweden, No. 4, p. 9-15.

    Assel, R.A., and Robertson, D.M. 1995. Changes in winter air temperatures near Lake Michigan during 1851 - 1993, as determined from regional lake-ice records. Limnology and Oceanography, 40(1):165-176.

    Assel, R.A., Robertson, D.M., Hoff, M.H., and Selgeby, J.H. 1995. Climatic-change implications from long-term (1823-1994) ice records near the Laurention Great Lakes. Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 21, p. 383-386.

    Robertson, D.M., Anderson, W., and Magnuson, J.J. 1994. Relations between El Nino/Southern Oscillation events and the climate and ice cover of lakes in Wisconsin. P 48-57. in Greenland, D. ed., El Nino and Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Sites. Publication No. 18. LTER Network Office: University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 57 pp.

    Robertson, D.M., and Imberger, J. 1994. Lake Number, a quantitative indicator of mixing used to estimate changes in dissolved oxygen. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, Vol. 79, p. 159-176.

    Luecke, C., Lunte, C.C., Wright, R.A., Robertson, D.M., and McLain, A.S. 1992. Impacts of variation in planktivorous fish on abundance of Daphnids: A simulation model of the Lake Mendota Food Web, in Kitchell, J.F. ed., Food Web Management: A Case Study of Lake Mendota, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 553p.

    Robertson, D.M., R.A. Ragotzkie, and J.J. Magnuson. 1992. Lake ice records used to detect historical and future climatic changes. Climatic Change 21:407-427, DOI: 10.1007/BF00141379

    Assel, R.A., and Robertson, D.M. 1992. Climatic changes near the Great Lakes inferred from 141-year ice records. Proceedings of the 5th International Meeting on Statistical Climatology. Toronto, Canada. June, p. 81-85.

    Robertson, D.M., S.G. Schladow, and J.C. Patterson. 1991. Interacting bubble plumes: the effect on aerator design. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics. Hong Kong. In: Environmental Hydraulics. J.H.W. Lee and Y.K. Cheung, Eds. Balkema, Rotterdam. 167-172.

    Imberger, J., and D.M. Robertson. 1991. Estimating changes in water quality using Lake Number, a new quantitative indicator of mixing. Proceedings of the International Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, Perth, Australia. P. 260-267. October 1991. ED561JI.

    Robertson, D. M. 1990. Lakes as indicators of and responders to climate change. In The Proceedings of Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response LTER Intersite Workshop. Boulder, Co. August, 1988. D. Greenland and L. Swift Eds.

    Robertson, D.M., J. Imberger, and K. Boland. 1990. Lake Number : A quantitative indicator of mixing to be used in water quality management. Water: Journal of the Australian Water and Wastewater Association. Dec. 29-33.

    Robertson, D.M. and R. A. Ragotzkie. 1990. Changes in the thermal structure of moderate to large sized lakes in response to changes in air temperature. Aquatic Sciences. 52/4: 360-380.

    Robertson, D M., and R. A. Ragotzkie. 1990. Thermal structure of a multibasin lake: Influence of morphometry, interbasin exchange, and groundwater. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 47: 1206-1212.

    Robertson, D. M. 1989. The use of lake water temperature and ice cover as climatic indicators. Ph.D. Thesis. Oceanography and Limnology Graduate Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

    Robertson, D. M. 1987. Northern Lakes, Wisconsin. In The Climates of the Long-term Ecological Research Sites, Ed. D. Greenland, Paper No. 44, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado.

    Robertson, D. M. 1984. Interbasin separation and its impact on the annual heat budgets of the individual basins in Trout Lake, WI. M.S. Thesis. Oceanography and Limnology Graduate Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison.


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Page Last Modified: Monday, 06-Oct-2014 15:25:45 EDT

05410490: Flow=739cfs,Stage=7.89ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-12-16 07:45,High,KICKAPOO RIVER AT STEUBEN, WI 05333500: Flow=3300cfs,Stage=3.35ft,2016-12-16 07:30,High,ST. CROIX RIVER NEAR DANBURY, WI 04066003: Flow=6830cfs,Stage=10.53ft,Floodstage=15ft,2016-12-16 07:30,High,MENOMINEE RIVER BELOW PEMENE CREEK NEAR PEMBINE,WI 04064500: Flow=724cfs,Stage=4.00ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-12-16 07:15,High,PINE RIVER BELOW PINE R POWERPLANT NR FLORENCE, WI 04062000: Flow=401cfs,Stage=3.70ft,2016-12-16 07:45,High,PAINT RIVER NEAR ALPHA, MI 04060993: Flow=1930cfs,Stage=6.37ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-12-16 07:30,High,BRULE RIVER AT US HIGHWAY 2 NEAR FLORENCE, WI 05425912: Flow=4.3cfs,Stage=838.52ft,Floodstage=843.5ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Low,BEAVERDAM RIVER AT BEAVER DAM, WI 05437500: Flow=7120cfs,Stage=5.37ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-12-16 07:30,>90,ROCK RIVER AT ROCKTON, IL 05429500: Flow=349cfs,Stage=4.80ft,2016-12-16 07:00,>90,YAHARA RIVER AT MC FARLAND, WI 05414820: Flow=42cfs,Stage=4.99ft,2016-12-16 07:15,>90,SINSINAWA RIVER NEAR MENOMINEE, IL 05414000: Flow=189cfs,Stage=4.08ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-12-16 07:15,>90,PLATTE RIVER NEAR ROCKVILLE, WI 05413500: Flow=333cfs,Stage=6.67ft,Floodstage=18ft,2016-12-16 07:15,>90,GRANT RIVER AT BURTON, WI 05407000: Flow=15100cfs,Stage=3.71ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-12-16 07:45,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER AT MUSCODA, WI 05395000: Flow=2900cfs,Stage=5.49ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-12-16 07:30,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER AT MERRILL, WI 05391000: Flow=1130cfs,Stage=3.14ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-12-16 07:00,>90,WISCONSIN RIVER @ RAINBOW LAKE NR LAKE TOMAHAWK,WI 05378500: Flow=32500cfs,2016-12-16 07:15,Stage=7.30ft,2016-12-16 07:45:00,Floodstage=13ft,>90,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT WINONA, MN 05340500: Flow=4910cfs,Stage=4.02ft,2016-12-16 07:30,>90,ST. CROIX RIVER AT ST. CROIX FALLS, WI 05527800: Flow=6.0cfs,Stage=3.81ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-12-16 07:30,<10,DES PLAINES RIVER AT RUSSELL, IL 05437050: Flow=2150cfs,Stage=6.57ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-12-16 08:00,76-90,PECATONICA RIVER NR SHIRLAND, ILL 05402000: Flow=58cfs,Stage=2.49ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-12-16 07:15,76-90,YELLOW RIVER AT BABCOCK, WI 05398000: Flow=3570cfs,Stage=14.44ft,Floodstage=25ft,2016-12-16 07:45,76-90,WISCONSIN RIVER AT ROTHSCHILD, WI 05370000: Flow=25cfs,Stage=12.39ft,2016-12-16 07:45,76-90,EAU GALLE RIVER AT SPRING VALLEY, WI 05369500: Flow=7370cfs,Stage=4.79ft,Floodstage=13ft,2016-12-16 07:00,76-90,CHIPPEWA RIVER AT DURAND, WI 04079000: Flow=1700cfs,Stage=3.54ft,Floodstage=9ft,2016-12-16 07:00,76-90,WOLF RIVER AT NEW LONDON, WI 04063000: Flow=1020cfs,Stage=3.62ft,2016-12-16 07:00,10-24,MENOMINEE RIVER NEAR FLORENCE, WI 05548280: Flow=109cfs,Stage=4.07ft,2016-12-16 08:00,25-75,NIPPERSINK CREEK NEAR SPRING GROVE, IL 05544200: Flow=40cfs,Stage=2.34ft,Floodstage=5ft,2016-12-16 07:30,25-75,MUKWONAGO RIVER AT MUKWONAGO, WI 05427948: Flow=3.0cfs,Stage=3.41ft,2016-12-16 07:00,25-75,PHEASANT BRANCH AT MIDDLETON, WI 05403500: Flow=297cfs,Stage=4.32ft,2016-12-16 07:15,25-75,LEMONWEIR RIVER AT NEW LISBON, WI 05401050: Flow=57cfs,Stage=4.98ft,2016-12-16 04:00,25-75,TENMILE CREEK NEAR NEKOOSA, WI 05369000: Flow=1120cfs,Stage=6.70ft,2016-12-16 07:30,25-75,RED CEDAR RIVER AT MENOMONIE, WI 05365500: Flow=2930cfs,Stage=4.02ft,2016-12-16 07:30,25-75,CHIPPEWA RIVER AT CHIPPEWA FALLS, WI 05360500: Flow=1230cfs,Stage=6.01ft,2016-12-16 07:30,25-75,FLAMBEAU RIVER NEAR BRUCE, WI 05356000: Flow=1210cfs,Stage=5.71ft,2016-12-16 07:30,25-75,CHIPPEWA RIVER AT BISHOPS BRIDGE NEAR WINTER, WI 04087240: Flow=37cfs,Stage=2.53ft,Floodstage=7ft,2016-12-16 07:00,25-75,ROOT RIVER AT RACINE, WI 04037500: Flow=37cfs,Stage=4.62ft,2016-12-16 09:00,25-75,CISCO BRANCH ONTONAGON R AT CISCO LAKE OUTLET, MI 04027500: Flow=208cfs,Stage=1.58ft,2016-12-16 07:15,25-75,WHITE RIVER NEAR ASHLAND, WI 464646092052900: Flow=13000cfs,2016-12-16 04:00,Not ranked,SUPERIOR BAY DULUTH SHIP CANAL AT DULUTH, MN 464226092005600: Flow=6540cfs,Stage=602.30ft,2016-11-30 21:05,Not ranked,SUPERIOR BAY ENTRY CHANNEL AT SUPERIOR, WI 463741090521301: Stage=1.41ft,2016-12-16 06:00,Not ranked,ASHLAND BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE CHEQUAMEGON BAY, WI 455430089550001: Stage=11.57ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,HASKELL LAKE AT LAC DU FLAMBEAU, WI 450456092225801: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.012ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-WILLOW WATERWAY 1 NEAR CYLON, WI 450437092181901: Flow=0.168980cfs,Stage=0.251ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-WILLOW WATERWAY 3 NEAR EMERALD, WI 450115092180101: Flow=0.015060cfs,Stage=0.017ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-WILLOW WATERWAY 2 NR WOODVILLE, WI 445322088281801: Stage=93.43ft,2016-12-16 08:00,Not ranked,BERRY LAKE NEAR SHAWANO, WI 442119088085501: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.022ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,GLRI WATERWAY NUMBER 4 NR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 442114088085701: Flow=0.000900cfs,Stage=0.014ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,GLRI WATERWAY NUMBER 5 NR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 441624088045601: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.027ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER WATERWAY NUMBER 1 NR GREENLEAF, WI 441546088082001: Flow=19.240000cfs,2016-12-13 22:16,Stage=4.999ft,2016-12-14 19:27:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER WATERWAY NUMBER 2 NR GREENLEAF, WI 441520088045002: Flow=0.008680cfs,Stage=0.128ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER TILE 1 NEAR GREENLEAF, WI 441520088045001: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.014ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,GLRI EAST RIVER WATERWAY 3 NEAR GREENLEAF, WI 434425090462401: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.006ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 6 AT CASHTON, WI 434311090461401: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.001ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 4 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434250090461401: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.006ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 5 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434246090465801: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.036ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 3 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434244090470801: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.006ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 2 NEAR CASHTON, WI 434209090491101: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.013ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS-JERSEY WATERWAY 1 NEAR CASHTON, WI 430649089181232: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.02ft,2016-12-16 01:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 3 OVERFLOW @ MADISON, WI 430649089181231: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.01ft,2016-12-16 01:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 3 DRAIN TILE @ MADISON, WI 430649089181222: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.01ft,2016-12-16 01:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 2 OVERFLOW @ MADISON, WI 430649089181221: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.01ft,2016-12-16 01:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 2 DRAIN TILE @ MADISON, WI 430649089181212: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=-0.02ft,2016-12-16 01:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 1 OVERFLOW @ MADISON, WI 430649089181211: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.00ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT CELL 1 DRAIN TILE AT MADISON,WI 430649089181200: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.00ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,PERMEABLE PAVEMENT INFLUENT AT MADISON, WI 430532089315602: Stage=-0.549ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,BIO CELL SS-OUTLET-AT USGS OFFICE AT MIDDLETON, WI 430532089315601: Stage=-0.047ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,BIO CELL SS-INLET-AT USGS OFFICE AT MIDDLETON, WI 430428089325701: 2012-06-24 23:00,Not ranked,WEST OLD SAUK ROAD STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 430402089282000: Not ranked,Seasonal site,SOUTH KENOSHA DRIVE STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 430356089183502: Not ranked,Rating being developed or revised,US HWY 51 WISDOT GRASS SWALES MIDDLE MADISON, WI 430302089224101: Flow=0.00cfs,2012-08-15 23:45,Not ranked,JOHN NOLEN DRIVE STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 425715089164700: Stage=3.33ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,LAKE KEGONSA AT BARBER DRIVE NEAR STOUGHTON, WI 424848088083100: Stage=7.68ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,WIND LAKE AT OUTLET AT WIND LAKE, WI 424008089050201: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.003ft,2016-12-16 06:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS CORE WATERWAY 5 NR JANESVILLE, WI 423954089071501: Flow=0.000000cfs,Stage=-0.016ft,2016-12-16 06:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS CORE WATERWAY 1 NR JANESVILLE, WI 423740088592701: Flow=0.00449cfs,Stage=0.010ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS CORE WATERWY AR1 NR JANESVILLE, WI 423645088595501: Flow=0.00000cfs,Stage=-0.017ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DISCOVERY FARMS CORE WATERWY AR2 NR JANESVILLE, WI 423525088260400: Stage=2.46ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,GENEVA LAKE AT LAKE GENEVA, WI 0402403250: Flow=490cfs,Stage=602.30ft,2016-12-16 06:05,Not ranked,St. Louis River at Oliver, WI. 055451345: Flow=1.8cfs,Stage=7.88ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,WHITE RIVER AT CENTER STREET AT LAKE GENEVA, WI 054279465: Not ranked,Ice affected,S FORK PHEASANT BRANCH @ DEMING WAY @ MIDDLETON,WI 053813595: Stage=36.64ft,2016-12-15 17:15:00,Floodstage=47ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BLACK RIVER DS ST HWY 54 AT BLACK RIVER FALLS, WI 053674967: Flow=15cfs,Stage=4.14ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,TROUT CREEK AT TENTH STREET NEAR BLOOMER, WI 053416966: Stage=3.42ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,DRY RUN AT 190TH STREET NEAR JEWETT, WI 040871488: Flow=1.4cfs,Stage=11.21ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,WILSON PARK CK @ ST. LUKES HOSPITAL @ MILWAUKEE,WI 040871476: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.10ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,HOLMES AVE CRK TRIB @ GMIA OUTFALL #1 AT MILWAUKEE 040871475: Flow=1.1cfs,Stage=10.93ft,2016-12-16 07:20,Not ranked,WILSON PARK CREEK @ GMIA OUTFALL #7 @ MILWAUKEE,WI 040871473: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=10.58ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,WILSON PARK CREEK AT GMIA INFALL AT MILWAUKEE, WI 040869416: Stage=3.85ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,LINCOLN CREEK @ SHERMAN BOULEVARD AT MILWAUKEE, WI 040857005: Stage=4.79ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,OTTER CREEK AT WILLOW ROAD NEAR PLYMOUTH, WI 040854592: Flow=9.9cfs,Stage=4.17ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,FISHER CREEK AT HOWARDS GROVE, WI 040851385: Flow=1710cfs,Stage=578.35ft,Floodstage=584ft,2016-12-16 07:20,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT OIL TANK DEPOT AT GREEN BAY, WI 040734605: Flow=-20cfs,Stage=5.86ft,2016-12-16 05:00,Not ranked,GREEN LAKE SW INLET @ CT HIGHWY K NR GREEN LAKE,WI 040263205: Flow=18cfs,Stage=1.30ft,2016-12-16 07:35,Not ranked,WHITTLESEY CREEK NEAR ASHLAND, WI 05548170: Flow=17cfs,2013-09-30 23:45,Not ranked,NORTH BRANCH NIPPERSINK CREEK AT GENOA CITY, WI 05548000: Stage=2.57ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,NIPPERSINK LAKE AT FOX LAKE, IL 05547500: Stage=2.62ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,FOX LAKE NEAR LAKE VILLA, IL 05547000: Stage=2.76ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,CHANNEL LAKE NEAR ANTIOCH, IL 05545750: Flow=668cfs,Stage=7.07ft,Floodstage=11ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,FOX RIVER NEAR NEW MUNSTER, WI 05544475: Stage=4.40ft,Floodstage=6ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT ROCHESTER, WI 05544385: Stage=11.81ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,MUSKEGO (BIG MUSKEGO) LAKE OUTLET NR WIND LAKE, WI 05544348: Stage=1.58ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT WATERFORD DAM, AT WATERFORD, WI 05543830: Stage=2.93ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=6ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,FOX RIVER AT WAUKESHA, WI 05527950: Flow=18cfs,Stage=6.41ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,MILL CREEK AT OLD MILL CREEK, IL 05527910: Flow=3.8cfs,Stage=16.89ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,NORTH MILL CREEK NEAR MILBURN, IL 05527905: Flow=2.0cfs,Stage=10.83ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,HASTINGS CREEK NEAR LINDENHURST, IL 05527900: Stage=8.00ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Not ranked,Temporarily unavailable,NORTH MILL CREEK AT HICKORY CORNERS, IL 05438283: Flow=1.6cfs,Stage=4.85ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,PISCASAW CREEK NEAR WALWORTH, WI 05436500: Stage=1.92ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,SUGAR RIVER NEAR BRODHEAD, WI 05435950: Stage=3.26ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,SUGAR RIVER NEAR VERONA, WI 05435943: Flow=13cfs,Stage=4.46ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,BADGER MILL CREEK AT VERONA, WI 05434500: Stage=7.97ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Floodstage=13.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PECATONICA RIVER AT MARTINTOWN, WI 05433000: Stage=5.90ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=11ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,EAST BRANCH PECATONICA RIVER NR BLANCHARDVILLE, WI 05432500: Stage=3.71ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=13.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PECATONICA RIVER AT DARLINGTON, WI 05431486: Stage=4.78ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,TURTLE CREEK AT CARVERS ROCK ROAD NEAR CLINTON, WI 05431016: Stage=8.59ft,2016-12-16 04:45:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,JACKSON CREEK AT MOUND ROAD NEAR ELKHORN, WI 05430500: Stage=8.46ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=9ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROCK RIVER AT AFTON, WI 05430175: Stage=5.35ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=10ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,YAHARA RIVER NEAR FULTON, WI 05430150: Stage=5.00ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BADFISH CREEK NEAR COOKSVILLE, WI 05429700: Stage=6.16ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,YAHARA RIVER @ FORTON STREET BRIDGE @ STOUGHTON,WI 05429485: Stage=4.78ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,LAKE WAUBESA AT MC FARLAND, WI 05429000: Stage=5.22ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,LAKE MONONA AT MADISON, WI 05428500: Flow=131cfs,Stage=5.30ft,2016-12-15 15:05,Not ranked,YAHARA RIVER AT EAST MAIN STREET AT MADISON, WI 05428000: Stage=9.35ft,2016-12-16 06:45,Not ranked,LAKE MENDOTA AT MADISON, WI 05427965: Flow=0.00cfs,Stage=0.25ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,SPRING HARBOR STORM SEWER AT MADISON, WI 05427943: Flow=1.8cfs,Stage=3.35ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,PHEASANT BRANCH AT AIRPORT ROAD NEAR MIDDLETON, WI 05427930: Flow=5.5cfs,Stage=9.92ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DORN (SPRING) CREEK AT CT HIGHWAY M NR WAUNAKEE,WI 05427927: Flow=1.1cfs,Stage=2.55ft,2016-12-16 07:10,Not ranked,DORN (SPRING) CREEK @ CT HIGHWAY Q NR WAUNAKEE, WI 05427910: Flow=23cfs,Stage=9.78ft,2016-12-16 07:10,Not ranked,SIXMILE CREEK @ COUNTY TRNK HGHWY M NR WAUNAKEE,WI 05427880: Flow=7.0cfs,Stage=3.01ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,SIXMILE CREEK AT STATE HIGHWAY 19 NEAR WAUNAKEE,WI 05427850: Flow=84cfs,Stage=9.37ft,2016-12-16 07:10,Not ranked,YAHARA RIVER AT STATE HIGHWAY 113 AT MADISON, WI 05427718: Stage=1.17ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,YAHARA RIVER AT WINDSOR, WI 05427530: Flow=1900cfs,Stage=3.38ft,Floodstage=6.5ft,2016-12-16 07:10,Not ranked,ROCK RIVER AT NEWVILLE, WI 05427235: Stage=7.07ft,Floodstage=10ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,LAKE KOSHKONONG NEAR NEWVILLE, WI 05427085: Stage=12.46ft,2016-12-16 06:55:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROCK RIVER AT ROBERT STREET AT FORT ATKINSON, WI 05426380: Flow=1.7cfs,Stage=0.63ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,PARADISE SPRINGS CREEK NEAR EAGLE, WI 05426350: Flow=2.6cfs,Stage=0.30ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,SCUPPERNONG RIVER UPSTREAM OF MARL PIT NR EAGLE,WI 05426250: Stage=2.43ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=4ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BARK RIVER NEAR ROME, WI 05426067: Stage=12.52ft,2016-12-16 03:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BARK RIVER AT NAGAWICKA ROAD AT DELAFIELD, WI 05426000: Stage=3.26ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=7ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,CRAWFISH RIVER AT MILFORD, WI 05425500: Stage=2.84ft,2016-12-16 06:45:00,Floodstage=5.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROCK RIVER AT WATERTOWN, WI 05424057: Flow=501cfs,2016-12-16 05:55,Stage=7.15ft,2016-12-16 06:00:00,Floodstage=8.5ft,Not ranked,ROCK RIVER AT HORICON, WI 05423500: Stage=2.26ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=6ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,SOUTH BRANCH ROCK RIVER AT WAUPUN, WI 05411500: Stage=13.83ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,Mississippi River at Clayton, IA 05408480: Flow=2.4cfs,Stage=2.80ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,W FORK KICKAPOO R AT PEACEFUL VALLEY RD NR CASHTON 05408000: Stage=3.88ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=12ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,KICKAPOO RIVER AT LA FARGE, WI 05407470: Stage=8.65ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,KICKAPOO RIVER AT STATE HIGHWAY 33 AT ONTARIO, WI 05406500: Stage=2.28ft,2016-12-16 06:45:00,Floodstage=7ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BLACK EARTH CREEK AT BLACK EARTH, WI 05406479: Flow=21cfs,Stage=2.82ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,BLACK EARTH CK NR TREATMENT PLNT @ CROSS PLAINS,WI 05406469: Flow=2.8cfs,Stage=2.27ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,BREWERY CREEK-UPSTREAM SITE-AT CROSS PLAINS, WI 05406457: Flow=11cfs,Stage=2.13ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,BLACK EARTH CREEK NR BREWERY RD AT CROSS PLAINS,WI 05405000: Stage=9.41ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BARABOO RIVER NEAR BARABOO, WI 05404500: 2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,DEVILS LAKE NEAR BARABOO, WI 05404000: Stage=3.91ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,WISCONSIN RIVER NEAR WISCONSIN DELLS, WI 05403000: Flow=325cfs,Stage=10.27ft,Floodstage=15ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,YELLOW RIVER AT NECEDAH, WI 05400625: Stage=3.40ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,LITTLE PLOVER RIVER NEAR PLOVER, WI 05399500: Stage=2.84ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=15.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BIG EAU PLEINE RIVER AT STRATFORD, WI 05397500: Stage=3.30ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=9ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,EAU CLAIRE RIVER AT KELLY, WI 05396000: Stage=3.17ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BIG RIB RIVER AT RIB FALLS, WI 05394500: Stage=2.25ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Floodstage=7ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PRAIRIE RIVER NEAR MERRILL, WI 05393500: Stage=2.41ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,SPIRIT RIVER AT SPIRIT FALLS, WI 05392187: Stage=10.82ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,Tower Creek at Lac du Flambeau, WI 05390685: Flow=8.6cfs,Stage=11.18ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,MUSKELLUNGE CREEK NEAR ST. GERMAIN, WI 05390500: Stage=90.93ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,ANVIL LAKE NEAR EAGLE RIVER, WI 05389500: Flow=24000cfs,2013-10-29 23:45,Stage=9.54ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Mississippi River at McGregor, IA 05389400: Flow=22cfs,Stage=4.04ft,2016-12-16 08:00,Not ranked,Bloody Run Creek near Marquette, IA 05389000: Stage=5.65ft,2016-12-16 07:45:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,Yellow River near Ion, IA 05386400: Stage=32.09ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT BROWNSVILLE, MN 05383075: Flow=716cfs,Stage=4.25ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,LA CROSSE RIVER NEAR LA CROSSE, WI 05382325: Flow=188cfs,Stage=3.80ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,LA CROSSE RIVER AT SPARTA, WI 05382284: Stage=6.40ft,2016-12-16 07:10:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,SILVER CREEK AT STATE HIGHWAY 21 NEAR ANGELO, WI 05382267: Flow=86cfs,Stage=6.39ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,LA CROSSE RIVER @ CNTY TRUNK HIGHWY BB NR TOMAH,WI 05382257: Flow=1.3cfs,Stage=1.71ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,STILLWELL CREEK AT YARD ROAD NEAR TOMAH, WI 05382255: Flow=2.0cfs,Stage=2.44ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,STILLWELL CREEK AT SIXTEENTH COURT NEAR TOMAH, WI 05382000: Stage=5.88ft,2016-12-16 07:45:00,Floodstage=12ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BLACK RIVER NEAR GALESVILLE, WI 05381000: Stage=4.03ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=18ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BLACK RIVER AT NEILLSVILLE, WI 05379500: Stage=6.85ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=9ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,TREMPEALEAU RIVER AT DODGE, WI 05379400: Stage=4.72ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,TREMPEALEAU RIVER AT ARCADIA, WI 05378490: Stage=7.68ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT LOCK AND DAM 5A NR WINONA, MN 05368000: Stage=5.53ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,HAY RIVER AT WHEELER, WI 05367500: Stage=6.39ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,RED CEDAR RIVER NEAR COLFAX, WI 05366800: Flow=3530cfs,Stage=4.57ft,2016-12-16 06:45,Not ranked,CHIPPEWA R AT GRAND AVE AT EAU CLAIRE, WI 05365550: Flow=3310cfs,Stage=5.85ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,CHIPPEWA RIVER BELOW DELLS DAM AT EAU CLAIRE, WI 05362000: Stage=4.46ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,JUMP RIVER AT SHELDON, WI 05357335: Stage=3.82ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BEAR RIVER NEAR MANITOWISH WATERS, WI 05357245: Flow=41cfs,Stage=1.25ft,2016-12-16 04:00,Not ranked,TROUT RIVER AT TROUT LAKE NEAR BOULDER JUNCTION,WI 05357230: Stage=7.98ft,2016-12-16 05:30:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,NORTH CREEK AT TROUT LAKE NEAR BOULDER JUNCTION,WI 05357225: Stage=7.92ft,2016-12-16 05:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,STEVENSON CREEK @ CT HWY M NR BOULDER JUNCTION, WI 05357215: Flow=15cfs,Stage=1.61ft,2016-12-16 05:15,Not ranked,ALLEQUASH CREEK @ CT HWY M NR BOULDER JUNCTION, WI 05357206: Flow=4.8cfs,Stage=0.50ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,ALLEQUASH CREEK SITE NO. 3 NR BOULDER JUNCTION, WI 05356500: Stage=5.79ft,2016-12-16 06:45:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,CHIPPEWA RIVER NEAR BRUCE, WI 05344500: Stage=26.25ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,Very low value,MISSISSIPPI RIVER AT PRESCOTT, WI 05344490: Flow=3200cfs,Stage=26.30ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,ST. CROIX RIVER AT PRESCOTT, WI 05342000: Flow=172cfs,Stage=10.65ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,KINNICKINNIC RIVER NEAR RIVER FALLS, WI 05341752: Flow=162cfs,Stage=3.92ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,WILLOW RIVER @ WILLOW R STATE PARK NR BURKHARDT,WI 05331833: Stage=1.98ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,NAMEKAGON RIVER AT LEONARDS, WI 04087257: Stage=1.67ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,PIKE RIVER NEAR RACINE, WI 04087234: Stage=3.85ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROOT RIVER AT 60TH ST NEAR CALEDONIA, WI 04087233: Stage=2.91ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=9ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROOT RIVER CANAL NEAR FRANKLIN, WI 04087220: Stage=2.04ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROOT RIVER NEAR FRANKLIN, WI 04087214: Stage=10.67ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROOT RIVER AT GRANGE AVENUE AT GREENFIELD, WI 04087204: Stage=2.32ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,OAK CREEK AT SOUTH MILWAUKEE, WI 04087170: Flow=-129cfs,Stage=8.12ft,2016-12-16 05:00,Not ranked,MILWAUKEE RIVER AT MOUTH AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04087159: Stage=6.94ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=16ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,KINNICKINNIC RIVER @ S. 11TH STREET @ MILWAUKEE,WI 04087142: Flow=508cfs,Stage=12.41ft,2016-12-16 07:10,Not ranked,MENOMONEE RIVER AT 16TH STREET AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04087120: Stage=2.29ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=11ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MENOMONEE RIVER AT WAUWATOSA, WI 04087119: Stage=9.91ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,HONEY CREEK AT WAUWATOSA, WI 04087088: Stage=13.19ft,2016-09-07 18:25:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,UNDERWOOD CREEK AT WAUWATOSA, WI 04087070: Flow=2.6cfs,Stage=3.82ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04087050: Flow=2.1cfs,Stage=2.10ft,2016-12-15 07:00,Not ranked,LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER NEAR FREISTADT, WI 04087030: Stage=3.68ft,2016-12-16 07:10:00,Floodstage=7.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MENOMONEE RIVER AT MENOMONEE FALLS, WI 04087000: Stage=3.15ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=7ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MILWAUKEE RIVER AT MILWAUKEE, WI 04086600: Stage=7.89ft,2016-12-16 07:14:00,Floodstage=11ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MILWAUKEE RIVER NEAR CEDARBURG, WI 04086500: Stage=6.02ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=10ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,CEDAR CREEK NEAR CEDARBURG, WI 04086000: Stage=5.09ft,2016-12-16 06:45:00,Floodstage=8ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,SHEBOYGAN RIVER AT SHEBOYGAN, WI 04085427: Stage=6.32ft,2016-12-16 06:00:00,Floodstage=10ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MANITOWOC RIVER AT MANITOWOC, WI 04085200: Stage=8.88ft,2016-12-16 00:45:00,Floodstage=14ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,KEWAUNEE RIVER NEAR KEWAUNEE, WI 04085108: Flow=5.5cfs,Stage=4.62ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,EAST RIVER @ CNTY TRUNK HIGHWAY ZZ NR GREENLEAF,WI 04085082: Stage=579.47ft,2016-11-10 06:50,Not ranked,FOX RIVER DS FROM DUTCHMAN CREEK AT GREEN BAY, WI 04085062: Stage=580.38ft,2016-08-20 06:33,Not ranked,FOX RIVER S OF FOX POINT BOAT LAUNCH @ DE PERE, WI 04085061: Stage=580.12ft,2016-10-11 05:50,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT FORT HOWARD PAPER MILL AT DE PERE, WI 04084927: Flow=1.1cfs,Stage=3.21ft,2016-12-16 06:00,Not ranked,WEST PLUM CREEK AT NEW ROAD NEAR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 04084911: Stage=2.58ft,2016-12-16 06:45:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,PLUM CREEK NEAR WRIGHTSTOWN, WI 04084445: Flow=4020cfs,Stage=5.65ft,Floodstage=8.4ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT APPLETON, WI 04084255: Stage=2.24ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,LAKE WINNEBAGO NEAR STOCKBRIDGE, WI 04082500: Stage=2.31ft,Floodstage=3.5ft,2016-12-16 05:45,Not ranked,LAKE WINNEBAGO AT OSHKOSH, WI 04082400: Flow=3650cfs,Stage=5.96ft,Floodstage=7.5ft,2016-12-16 07:15,Not ranked,FOX RIVER AT OSHKOSH, WI 04081000: Stage=2.99ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=6ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,WAUPACA RIVER NEAR WAUPACA, WI 04080798: Flow=25cfs,Stage=8.56ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,TOMORROW RIVER NEAR NELSONVILLE, WI 04080000: Stage=1.96ft,2016-12-16 04:00:00,Floodstage=5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,LITTLE WOLF RIVER AT ROYALTON, WI 04078500: Stage=4.31ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=7ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,EMBARRASS RIVER NEAR EMBARRASS, WI 04077630: Stage=7.03ft,2016-12-16 07:25:00,Floodstage=11ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,RED RIVER AT MORGAN ROAD NEAR MORGAN, WI 04074950: Stage=9.82ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Floodstage=11.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,WOLF RIVER AT LANGLADE, WI 04073500: Stage=11.00ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=13ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,FOX RIVER AT BERLIN, WI 04073466: Flow=16cfs,Stage=6.46ft,2016-12-16 07:05,Not ranked,SILVER CREEK AT SPAULDING ROAD NEAR GREEN LAKE, WI 04073458: Stage=4.83ft,2016-12-16 05:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,ROY CREEK AT ROY CREEK ROAD NEAR GREEN LAKE, WI 04073365: Stage=6.88ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=9.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,FOX RIVER AT PRINCETON, WI 04072150: Flow=35cfs,Stage=11.96ft,Floodstage=18ft,2016-12-16 05:00,Not ranked,DUCK CREEK NEAR HOWARD, WI 04072076: Flow=0.41cfs,Stage=2.62ft,2016-12-16 07:00,Not ranked,SILVER CREEK AT FLORIST DRIVE AT ONEIDA, WI 04071765: Stage=5.13ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=9ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,OCONTO RIVER NEAR OCONTO, WI 04071000: Stage=3.92ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=7.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,OCONTO RIVER NEAR GILLETT, WI 04069500: Stage=2.16ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=10ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PESHTIGO RIVER AT PESHTIGO, WI 04069416: Stage=8.88ft,2016-12-16 04:00:00,Floodstage=12ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PESHTIGO RIVER AT PORTERFIELD, WI 04067958: Stage=5.28ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=9ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PESHTIGO RIVER NEAR WABENO, WI 04067500: Stage=10.17ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=15ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MENOMINEE RIVER NEAR MC ALLISTER, WI 04066800: Stage=11.21ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=17ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,MENOMINEE RIVER AT KOSS, MI 04066500: Stage=3.96ft,2016-12-16 07:00:00,Floodstage=6.5ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,PIKE RIVER AT AMBERG, WI 04066030: Flow=2320cfs,2016-12-16 07:30,Floodstage=14ft,Not ranked,MENOMINEE RIVER AT WHITE RAPIDS DAM NEAR BANAT, MI 04065106: Flow=2220cfs,Stage=6.60ft,Floodstage=13ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,MENOMINEE RIVER AT NIAGARA, WI 04063700: Stage=2.27ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Floodstage=6ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,POPPLE RIVER NEAR FENCE, WI 04062011: Flow=354cfs,Stage=6.63ft,Floodstage=12ft,2016-12-16 07:30,Not ranked,BRULE RIVER NEAR COMMONWEALTH, WI 04060500: Stage=4.63ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Floodstage=11ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,IRON RIVER AT CASPIAN, MI 04037400: Stage=3.97ft,2016-12-16 07:45,Not ranked,CISCO LAKE NEAR WATERSMEET, MI 04031000: Stage=3.60ft,2016-12-16 08:00:00,Floodstage=10ft,Not ranked,Ice affected,BLACK RIVER NEAR BESSEMER, MI 04027000: Stage=3.82ft,2016-12-16 07:45:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BAD RIVER NEAR ODANAH, WI 04026561: Stage=3.86ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,TYLER FORKS RIVER AT STRICKER ROAD NEAR MELLEN, WI 04026511: Not ranked,Rating being developed or revised,BAD RIVER AT US HIGHWAY 169 NEAR MELLEN, WI 04026450: Stage=1.54ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BAD RIVER NEAR MELLEN, WI 04026390: Stage=4.83ft,2016-12-16 05:00:00,Not ranked,Ice affected, Very low value,BEARTRAP CREEK AT U.S. HIGHWAY 2 NEAR ASHLAND, WI 04025500: Stage=3.22ft,2016-12-16 07:30:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,BOIS BRULE RIVER AT BRULE, WI 04024430: Stage=5.99ft,2016-12-16 07:15:00,Not ranked,Ice affected,NEMADJI RIVER NEAR SOUTH SUPERIOR, WI Go to WaterWatch (offsite) for a larger map with additional options