Protecting Wisconsin's Groundwater Through Comprehensive Planning
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  Chippewa County
  This report provides the most current information and data found, as of May 2007, unless otherwise noted.
  Chippewa County groundwater findings reports Chippewa County full report Switch to Chippewa County full report


  • Wisconsin has nearly 11,500 public water systems which meet the daily water needs of about 4 million people. Public water systems that are owned by a community are called municipal water systems. Chippewa County has 9 municipal water systems.  Table showing water systems in Chippewa County

GROUNDWATER PROTECTION POLICIES   Table showing water systems in Chippewa County

  • 6 of 9 municipal water systems in Chippewa County have a wellhead protection plan: Bloomer, Boyd, Cadott, Chippewa Falls, Stanley and Lake Hallie.
  • 3 of 9 municipal water systems in Chippewa County have a wellhead protection ordinance: Boyd, Cadott and Chippewa Falls.
  • Chippewa County has adopted an animal waste management ordinance.


  • Over $11 million has been spent on petroleum cleanup in Chippewa County from leaking underground storage tanks, which equates to $194 per county resident.
  • 1 municipal water system in Chippewa County has spent money to reduce nitrate levels.

GROUNDWATER USE  Water use figure

  • From 1979 to 2005, total water use in Chippewa County has increased from about 8.7 million gallons per day to 15.4 million gallons per day.*
  • The increase in total water use over this period is due primarily to an increase in industrial and irrigation usage. Slight increases in domestic and public use and losses were seen through 2000 with a decline in 2005 and 1995 respectively.
  • The proportion of county water use supplied by groundwater fluctuated from 97% in 1997 to a low of 74% in 2005.*
  • Water use in Wisconsin is generally estimated for the following categories:
    • Domestic
    • Livestock
    • Aquaculture
    • Irrigation
    • Industrial
    • Commercial
    • Public use and losses
    • Thermoelectric or mining*

* Thermoelectric and mining data are not considered in water-use tables or figures on this web site. Thermoelectric-power water use is the amount of water used in the process of generating thermoelectric power. The predominant use of water is as non-contact cooling water to condense the steam created to turn the turbines and generate electricity.



  • Wisconsin has abundant quantities of high-quality groundwater, but once groundwater is contaminated, it's very expensive and often not technically possible to clean.
  • An evaluation of the susceptibility of groundwater to contamination in Chippewa County can be seen in the FULL REPORT or accessed through the map link above.


  • 89% of 426 private well samples collected in Chippewa County from 1990-2006 met the health-based drinking water limit for nitrate-nitrogen.   Nitrate map
  • A 2002 study estimated that 25% of private drinking water wells in the region of Wisconsin that includes Chippewa County contained a detectable level of an herbicide or herbicide metabolite. Pesticides occur in groundwater more commonly in agricultural regions, but can occur anywhere pesticides are stored or applied.   Statewide pesticide map
  • 5,259 acres of land in Chippewa County are in atrazine prohibition areas. Map showing atrazine prohibition areas in Chippewa County
  • 100% of 1 private well sample collected in Chippewa County met the health standard for arsenic.


  • There are 50 open-status sites in Chippewa County that have contaminated groundwater and/or soil. These sites include 22 Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) sites, 20 Environmental Repair (ERP) sites, 7 spill sites and 1 Voluntary Party Liability Exemption (VPLE) site.  BRRTS map
  • There are no concentrated animal feeding operations in Chippewa County.
  • There are no licensed landfills in Chippewa County.
  • There are no Superfund sites in Chippewa County.

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Chippewa County full report Chippewa County full report

For more information about this web site, its contributors, and the data contained herein, click here.

For assistance in comprehensive planning, please contact Lynn Markham, UW-Stevens Point.
For assistance on groundwater, please contact Charles Dunning, USGS.
Page contact: Webmaster, USGS
Page last updated: January 15, 2008