Protecting Wisconsin's Groundwater Through Comprehensive Planning
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  Kewaunee County
  This report provides the most current information and data found, as of May 2007, unless otherwise noted.
  Kewaunee County groundwater findings reports Kewaunee County full report Switch to Kewaunee County full report


  • Wisconsin has nearly 11,500 public water systems which meet the daily water needs of about 4 million people. Public water systems that are owned by a community are called municipal water systems. Kewaunee County has 3 municipal water systems.  Table showing water systems in Kewaunee County

GROUNDWATER PROTECTION POLICIES   Table showing water systems in Kewaunee County

  • 0 of 3 municipal water systems in Kewaunee County have a wellhead protection plan.
  • 0 of 3 municipal water systems in Kewaunee County have a wellhead protection ordinance.
  • Kewaunee County has adopted an animal waste management ordinance.


  • Over $7 million has been spent on petroleum cleanup in Kewaunee County from leaking underground storage tanks, which equates to $348 per county resident.
  • No municipal water systems in Kewaunee County have spent money to reduce nitrate levels.

GROUNDWATER USE    Water use figure

  • From 1979 to 2005, total water use in Kewaunee County has fluctuated from about 2.7 million gallons per day to 5.0 million gallons per day.*
  • The fluctuations in total water use are due to fluctuations of usage in all categories with an increase in aquaculture in 2005.
  • The proportion of county water use supplied by groundwater has been consistently above 96% during the period 1979 to 2005.*
  • Water use in Wisconsin is generally estimated for the following categories:
    • Domestic
    • Livestock
    • Aquaculture
    • Irrigation
    • Industrial
    • Commercial
    • Public use and losses
    • Thermoelectric or mining*

* Thermoelectric and mining data are not considered in water-use tables or figures on this web site. Thermoelectric-power water use is the amount of water used in the process of generating thermoelectric power. The predominant use of water is as non-contact cooling water to condense the steam created to turn the turbines and generate electricity.



  • Wisconsin has abundant quantities of high-quality groundwater, but once groundwater is contaminated, it's very expensive and often not technically possible to clean.
  • An evaluation of the susceptibility of groundwater to contamination in Kewaunee County can be seen in the FULL REPORT or accessed through the map link above.


  • 96% of 126 private well samples collected in Kewaunee County from 1990-2006 met the health-based drinking water limit for nitrate-nitrogen.   Nitrate map
  • A 2002 study estimated that 33% of private drinking water wells in the region of Wisconsin that includes Kewaunee County contained a detectable level of an herbicide or herbicide metabolite. Pesticides occur in groundwater more commonly in agricultural regions, but can occur anywhere pesticides are stored or applied.   Statewide pesticide map
  • There are no atrazine prohibition areas in Kewaunee County.
  • 100% of 31 private well samples collected in Kewaunee County met the health standard for arsenic.


  • There are 23 open-status sites in Kewaunee County that have contaminated groundwater and/or soil. These sites include of 9 Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) sites, 11 Environmental Repair (ERP) sites, 2 spill sites and 1 Liability Exemption (VPLE) sites.  BRRTS map
  • There are 11 concentrated animal feeding operations in Kewaunee County.
  • There is 1 licensed landfill in Kewaunee County.
  • There are no Superfund sites in Kewaunee County.

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Kewaunee County full report Kewaunee County full report

For more information about this web site, its contributors, and the data contained herein, click here.

For assistance in comprehensive planning, please contact Lynn Markham, UW-Stevens Point.
For assistance on groundwater, please contact Charles Dunning, USGS.
Page contact: Webmaster, USGS
Page last updated: January 14, 2008