Protecting Wisconsin's Groundwater Through Comprehensive Planning
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  Langlade County
  This report provides the most current information and data found, as of May 2007, unless otherwise noted.
  Langlade County groundwater findings reports Langlade County full report Switch to Langlade County full report


  • Wisconsin has nearly 11,500 public water systems which meet the daily water needs of about 4 million people. Public water systems that are owned by a community are called municipal water systems. Langlade County has 3 municipal water systems.  Table showing water systems in Langlade County

GROUNDWATER PROTECTION POLICIES   Table showing water systems in Langlade County

  • 2 of 3 municipal water systems in Langlade County have a wellhead protection plan: Antigo and White Lake.
  • 2 of 3 municipal water systems in Langlade County have a wellhead protection ordinance: Antigo and White Lake.
  • Langlade County has adopted an animal waste management ordinance.


  • Over $8 million has been spent on petroleum cleanup in Langlade County from leaking underground storage tanks, which equates to $435 per county resident.
  • No municipal water systems in Langlade County have spent money to reduce nitrate levels.

GROUNDWATER USE    Water use figure

  • From 1979 to 2005, total water use in Langlade County has increased from about 6.9 million gallons per day to about 34.3 million gallons per day.*
  • The increase in total water use is due primarily to increases in aquaculture and irrigation uses. Industrial use has declined over the same period.
  • The proportion of county water use supplied by groundwater has fluctuated from about 59% to 99% during the period 1979 to 2005.*
  • Water use in Wisconsin is generally estimated for the following categories:
    • Domestic
    • Livestock
    • Aquaculture
    • Irrigation
    • Industrial
    • Commercial
    • Public use and losses
    • Thermoelectric or mining*

* Thermoelectric and mining data are not considered in water-use tables or figures on this web site. Thermoelectric-power water use is the amount of water used in the process of generating thermoelectric power. The predominant use of water is as non-contact cooling water to condense the steam created to turn the turbines and generate electricity.



  • Wisconsin has abundant quantities of high-quality groundwater, but once groundwater is contaminated, it's very expensive and often not technically possible to clean.
  • An evaluation of the susceptibility of groundwater to contamination in Langlade County can be seen in the FULL REPORT or accessed through the map link above.


  • 83% of 193 private well samples collected in Langlade County from 1990-2006 met the health-based drinking water limit for nitrate-nitrogen.   Nitrate map
  • A 2002 study estimated that 18% of private drinking water wells in the region of Wisconsin that includes Langlade County contained a detectable level of an herbicide or herbicide metabolite. Pesticides occur in groundwater more commonly in agricultural regions, but can occur anywhere pesticides are stored or applied.   Statewide pesticide map
  • There are no atrazine prohibition areas in Langlade County.
  • 100% of 5 private well samples collected in Langlade County met the health standard for arsenic.


  • There are 25 open-status sites in Langlade County that have contaminated groundwater and/or soil. These sites include 11 Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) sites and 14 Environmental Repair (ERP) sites.   BRRTS map
  • There is 1 concentrated animal feeding operation in Langlade County.
  • There are no licensed landfills in Langlade County.
  • There are no Superfund sites in Langlade County.

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Langlade County full report Langlade County full report

For more information about this web site, its contributors, and the data contained herein, click here.

For assistance in comprehensive planning, please contact Lynn Markham, UW-Stevens Point.
For assistance on groundwater, please contact Charles Dunning, USGS.
Page contact: Webmaster, USGS
Page last updated: January 14, 2008