Protecting Wisconsin's Groundwater Through Comprehensive Planning
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  Menominee County

This report provides the most current information and data found, as of May 2007, unless otherwise noted.

Please note: The data for Menominee County is incomplete because the communities within the county are not required to report to State of Wisconsin agencies.

  Menominee County groundwater findings reports Menominee County full report Switch to Menominee County full report


  • Wisconsin has nearly 11,500 public water systems which meet the daily water needs of about 4 million people. Public water systems that are owned by a community are called municipal water systems.


  • No municipal water systems in Menominee County were found that have a wellhead protection plan or wellhead protection ordinance.
  • Menominee County has not adopted an animal waste management ordinance.


  • Over $1 million has been spent on petroleum cleanup in Menominee County from leaking underground storage tanks, which equates to $245 per county resident.
  • No municipal water systems in Menominee County have spent money to reduce nitrate levels.

GROUNDWATER USE    Water use figure

  • From 1979 to 2005, total water use in Menominee County has increased from about 240,000 gallons per day to about 1.2 million gallons per day.*
  • The increase in total water use is due primarily to an increase in aquaculture use.
  • The proportion of county water use supplied by groundwater has decreased from 100% to about 63% during the period 1979 to 2000 and increased to 69% in 2005.*
  • Water use in Wisconsin is generally estimated for the following categories:
    • Domestic
    • Livestock
    • Aquaculture
    • Irrigation
    • Industrial
    • Commercial
    • Public use and losses
    • Thermoelectric or mining*

* Thermoelectric and mining data are not considered in water-use tables or figures on this web site. Thermoelectric-power water use is the amount of water used in the process of generating thermoelectric power. The predominant use of water is as non-contact cooling water to condense the steam created to turn the turbines and generate electricity.



  • Wisconsin has abundant quantities of high-quality groundwater, but once groundwater is contaminated, it's very expensive and often not technically possible to clean.
  • An evaluation of the susceptibility of groundwater to contamination in Menominee County can be seen in the FULL REPORT or accessed through the map link above.


  • 100% of 16 private well samples collected in Menominee County from 1990-2006 met the health-based drinking water limit for nitrate-nitrogen.   Nitrate map
  • A 2002 study estimated that 18% of private drinking water wells in the region of Wisconsin that includes Menominee County contained a detectable level of an herbicide or herbicide metabolite. Pesticides occur in groundwater more commonly in agricultural regions, but can occur anywhere pesticides are stored or applied.   Statewide pesticide map
  • There are no atrazine prohibition areas in Menominee County.
  • 78% of 9 private well samples collected in Menominee County met the health standard for arsenic.


  • There is 1 open-status site in Menominee County that have contaminated groundwater and/or soil. The site is a Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) site.   BRRTS map
  • There are no concentrated animal feeding operations in Menominee County.
  • There are no licensed landfills in Menominee County.
  • There are no Superfund sites in Menominee County.

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Menominee County full report Menominee County full report

For more information about this web site, its contributors, and the data contained herein, click here.

For assistance in comprehensive planning, please contact Lynn Markham, UW-Stevens Point.
For assistance on groundwater, please contact Charles Dunning, USGS.
Page contact: Webmaster, USGS
Page last updated: January 14, 2008